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Summary of a productive partnership: the benefits from U.S. participation in the CGIAR

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  • Pardey, Philip G.
  • Alston, Julian M.
  • Christian, Jason E.
  • Fan, Shenggen

Abstract

For more than two decades, the United States has been an important player in a global partnership for agricultural research through its investments in the work of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), a network of 16 agricultural research centers around the world. The primary goal of the CGIAR is to alleviate hunger in developing countries, and it has had some major successes in pursuit of this goal. Despite its past preeminence as a supporter of the CGIAR, planned U.S. contributions to the CGIAR totaled only $37.2 million in 1996, down sharply from its level in the 1980s and early 1990s. Cutbacks in research investments can undermine the benefits already gained through crop improvement research, as diseases mutate, pest problems recur, populations grow, and climatic conditions shift. Scientific research must continue apace in order to keep ahead of rapid population growth, shifting consumer demands, and other changing conditions that threaten crop yields.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series EPTD discussion papers with number 18.

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Date of creation: 1996
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Handle: RePEc:fpr:eptddp:18

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Keywords: Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research.; Agricultural research Economic aspects.; Research institutes.;

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Cited by:
  1. Chan-Kang, Connie & Fan, Shenggen & Qian, Keming, 2003. "National and International Agricultural Research and Poverty: Findings in the case of wheat in China," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association) 22185, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  2. Pardey, Philip G. & Alston, Julian M. & Chan-Kang, Connie & Magalhães, Eduardo C. & Vosti, Stephen A., 2002. "Assessing and attributing the benefits from varietal improvement research: evidence from Embrapa, Brazil," EPTD discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 95, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Wright, Brian D., 2012. "Grand missions of agricultural innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(10), pages 1716-1728.
  4. Pardey, Philip G. & Alston, Julian M. & Chan-Kang, Connie & Magalhaes, Eduardo Castelo & Vosti, Stephen A., 2002. "International And Institutional R&D Spillovers: Attribution Of Benefits Among Sources For Brazil'S New Crop Varieties," Working Papers, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy 14422, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
  5. Frisvold, George B. & Sullivan, John & Raneses, Anton, 2003. "Genetic improvements in major US crops: the size and distribution of benefits," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, Blackwell, vol. 28(2), pages 109-119, March.
  6. Rejesus, Roderick M. & Heisey, Paul W. & Smale, Melinda, 1999. "Sources of Productivity Growth in Wheat: A Review of Recent Performance and Medium- to Long-Term Prospects," Economics Working Papers, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center 7693, CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.

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