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Government consumption expenditures and the current account

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  • Michele Cavallo
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    Abstract

    This paper distinguishes between two components of government consumption, expenditure on final goods and expenditure on hours, and compares the effects of changes in these two on the current account. I find that changes in government expenditure on hours do not directly affect the current account and that their impact is considerably smaller than the impact produced by changes in government expenditure on final goods. These findings indicate that considering government consumption as entirely expenditure on final goods leads to overestimating its role in accounting for movements in the current account balance.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco in its series Working Paper Series with number 2005-03.

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    Date of creation: 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfwp:2005-03

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    Keywords: Expenditures; Public ; Trade ; Gross domestic product;

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    1. Marianne Baxter & Mario J. Crucini, 1994. "Business Cycles and the Asset Structure of Foreign Trade," NBER Working Papers 4975, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2001. "Closing Small Open Economy Models," Departmental Working Papers 200115, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
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    7. Robert Kollmann, 1998. "U.S. trade balance dynamics: the role of fiscal policy and productivity shocks and of financial market linkages," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/7634, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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    9. Marianne Baxter, 1995. "International Trade and Business Cycles," NBER Working Papers 5025, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Michele Cavallo & Fabio Ghironi, 2000. "Net Foreign Assets and the Exchange Rate: Redux Revived," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 505, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 01 Feb 2002.
    11. Fabio Ghironi, 2000. "Macroeconomic Interdependence under Incomplete Markets," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 471, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 07 Feb 2003.
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    14. Giovanni Ganelli, 2005. "The International Effects of Government Spending Composition," IMF Working Papers 05/4, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Yi, Kei-Mu, 1993. "Can government purchases explain the recent U.S. net export deficits?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(3-4), pages 201-225, November.
    16. Cardia, Emanuela, 1991. "The dynamics of a small open economy in response to monetary, fiscal, and productivity shocks," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 411-434, December.
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    Cited by:
    1. Algieri, Bernardina, 2013. "An empirical analysis of the nexus between external balance and government budget balance: The case of the GIIPS countries," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 233-253.
    2. Kayhan, Selim & Bayat, Tayfur & Yüzbaşı, Bahadir, 2013. "Government expenditures and trade deficits in Turkey: Time domain and frequency domain analyses," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 153-158.

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