Temporary Workers: How Temporary Are They?
AbstractThis paper studies the effect of production volatility on the duration of temporary contracts. A simple theoretical model is developed, in order to depict the choice of contract duration made by a firm recruiting temps to deal with activity peaks. Assuming that the hiring of a new temp is associated with selection and training costs, longer contracts have an option value in view of greater uncertainty. The model has two testable implications. First, production volatility positively affects contract length. Second, the shortage of alternative employment opportunities negatively affects contract length. Using data on Italian temporary workers, both implications are confirmed by the econometric analysis. Since contract duration turns out to be a good proxy of the precariousness of temps, it is precisely in more volatile sectors that temporary workers -in a sense- are not so “temporary”.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by European University Institute in its series Economics Working Papers with number ECO2004/23.
Date of creation: 2004
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
- J42 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Monopsony; Segmented Labor Markets
- J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-08-14 (All new papers)
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- Sergio Destefanis & Raquel Fonseca, 2006.
"Labour-Market Reforms and the Beveridge Curve: Some Macro Evidence for Italy,"
436, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
- Sergio Destefanis & Raquel Fonseca, 2006. "Labour-Market Reforms and the Beveridge Curve. Some Macro Evidence for Italy," CSEF Working Papers 168, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
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