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University-Industry Research Partnerships in the United States

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  • Bronwyn H. HALL

Abstract

The recent U.S. experience with the various types of university-industry research relationships is reviewed: the reasons they have increased, the evidence on their performance, and the tensions that have emerged. I argue that the tradeoff between providing incentives for the production of new ideas and information and ensuring that spillovers from that research flow to others leads to different methods of organizing research efforts in different spheres depending on the relative importance of "appropriability" versus the benefits of full and costless knowledge diffusion and that problems may ensue when these spheres collide. The paper reviews the evidence that this is the case and then discusses the case of cumulative innovation, where the IP problem is particularly important.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European University Institute in its series Economics Working Papers with number ECO2004/14.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2004/14

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Cited by:
  1. Hans Lööf & Anders Broström, 2008. "Does knowledge diffusion between university and industry increase innovativeness?," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 73-90, February.
  2. Craig Boardman & Denis Gray, 2010. "The new science and engineering management: cooperative research centers as government policies, industry strategies, and organizations," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 35(5), pages 445-459, October.
  3. Martin Woerter, 2009. "Technology proximity between firms and universities and technology transfer," KOF Working papers 09-222, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  4. Leyden, Dennis & Link, Albert N., 2012. "Knowledge Spillovers, Collective Entrepreneurship, & Economic Growth: The Role of Universities," Working Papers 12-8, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics.
  5. Dennis Leyden & Albert Link, 2013. "Knowledge spillovers, collective entrepreneurship, and economic growth: the role of universities," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 797-817, December.
  6. Spyros Arvanitis & Ursina Kubli & Nora Sydow & Martin Woerter, 2005. "Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT) Activities Between Universities and Firms in Switzerland: The Main Facts : An Empirical Analysis Based on Firm-level Data," KOF Working papers 05-115, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  7. Renaud Bellais & Renelle Guichard, 2006. "Defense Innovation, Technology Transfers And Public Policy," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 273-286.
  8. Albert N. Link & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2008. "Bringing Science to Market: Commercializing from NIH SBIR Awards," NBER Working Papers 14057, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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