Business dynamics and employment growth: A cross-country analysis
AbstractThis paper examines the relationship between business dynamics (entry and exit of firms) and employment growth at the country-industry level. We use a cross-country data set with harmonized data on numbers of entries and exits for a selection of fast growing and innovative industries in six developed economies. In our multiple regression analysis we allow for separate effects of both the extent of business dynamics (volatility of firms) and the composition of business dynamics (net-entry of firms). We also test for the existence of an 'optimal' level of business volatility, possibly indicating that entry and exit levels are too high in certain industries. We find positive employment effects of net-entry rates, both for manufacturing industries and for services industries. Regarding volatility, we find a positive effect for manufacturing but no effect for services. This implies that different government policies may be required to achieve growth in these sectors. We find no evidence for an 'optimal' level of business volatility.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EIM Business and Policy Research in its series Scales Research Reports with number H200310.
Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 16 Mar 2004
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Other versions of this item:
- Andre van Stel & Bart Diephuis, 2004. "Business dynamics and employment growth: a cross-country analysis," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-32, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
- L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
- M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
- O57 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
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