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Designing Choice Experiments to Test for Anchoring and Framing Effects

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  • Marit Kragt

    (Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Australia)

  • Jeff Bennett

    ()
    (Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Australia)

Abstract

Choice experiments (CE) are increasingly used as a stated preference technique to value changes in non-market goods. Respondents to a CE survey are asked to make repeated choices between alternatives. Each alternative is described by a number of attributes – the attributes levels vary across alternatives and choice sets. A monetary attribute is typically included so that marginal values for changes in the non-market attributes presented can be estimated. The monetary attribute has central importance. However, there has been limited research on the impacts on respondents’ choices of changing the (range in) levels of the monetary attribute presented in CE surveys. This is known as the ‘anchoring’ effect. The ‘framing’ of non-market attributes may also affect value estimates. Attribute framing refers to the context in which the attributes are presented to respondents in a CE survey. The challenge for CE practitioners is to identify how particular attribute frames may influence respondents’ choices. This research report provides a review of anchoring and framing effects in CEs. A CE questionnaire is described to incorporate tests for anchoring and framing effects. Ten hypotheses are developed about the impacts of various attribute ‘anchors’ and ‘frames’ on respondents’ choices and subsequent values estimated.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Environmental Economics Research Hub, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University in its series Environmental Economics Research Hub Research Reports with number 0810.

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Date of creation: Dec 2008
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Handle: RePEc:een:eenhrr:0810

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  1. F Alpizar & F Carlsson & P Martinsson, 2003. "Using Choice Experiments for Non-Market Valuation," Economic Issues Journal Articles, Economic Issues, vol. 8(1), pages 83-110, March.
  2. van Bueren, Martin & Bennett, Jeffrey W., 2004. "Towards the development of a transferable set of value estimates for environmental attributes," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 48(1), March.
  3. Martin van Bueren & Jeff Bennett, 2004. "Towards the development of a transferable set of value estimates for environmental attributes -super-* ," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 48(1), pages 1-32, 03.
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Cited by:
  1. Kragt, Marit Ellen & Bennett, Jeffrey W., 2009. "Using Choice Experiments to value River and Estuary Health in Tasmania with Individual Preference Heterogeneity," Research Reports 94816, Australian National University, Environmental Economics Research Hub.
  2. Robert Gillespie & Jeff Bennett, 2010. "Non Use Economic Values of Marine Protected Areas in the South-West Marine Region," Environmental Economics Research Hub Research Reports 1083, Environmental Economics Research Hub, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  3. Robert Gillespie & Jeff Bennett, 2011. "Non Use Economic Values of Marine Protected Areas in the South-West Marine Area," Environmental Economics Research Hub Research Reports 10103, Environmental Economics Research Hub, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.

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