Growth, Openness and the Socially Disadvantaged
AbstractWe offer a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of poverty by social groups in India since 1983 and study the impact of growth and openness on the headcount ratio. We show that at the national level poverty has declined with every successive quinquennial survey in both rural and urban areas for the Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and the non-Scheduled (NS) population. We conclude that there is no statistically significant evidence whatsoever that rising per-capita incomes and increased openness have hurt any of the three broad social groups. Beyond this bottom line, we find that per-capita income has a negative and statistically significant effect on poverty levels for the SC, non-Scheduled groups and all groups taken together. The effect on poverty levels for the SC is negative but statistically insignificant. We also find the effect of one or more measures of openness on poverty reduction to be positive and statistically significant in rural and urban areas and in both regions taken together for the SC and non-Scheduled groups, although for the ST the effect is statistically significant in urban areas only.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University in its series Working Papers with number 1113.
Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2011
Date of revision: Jun 2011
India; growth; socially disadvantaged; poverty; openness;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-03-21 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Hnatkovska, Viktoria & Lahiri, Amartya & Paul, Sourabh Bikash, 2010.
"Castes and Labor Mobility,"
Economics working papers
viktoria_hnatkovska-2010-, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 22 Oct 2010.
- Kijima, Yoko, 2006. "Caste and Tribe Inequality: Evidence from India, 1983-1999," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(2), pages 369-404, January.
- Rajeev Dehejia & Arvind Panagariya, 2011. "Entrepreneurship in Services and Socially Disadvantaged in India," Working Papers 1114, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, revised Oct 2011.
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