The Computer Software Industry in East and West: Do Eastern European Countries Need a Specific Science and Technology Policy?
AbstractNational science and technology (S&T) systems are often mentioned as a condition for competitiveness of high technology sectors. Therefore, public S&T policies should actively support the development of national S&T systems. In particular in Eastern Europe an active S&T policy is often demanded to support the development of the supposed domestic "high technology potential". This paper shows that this hypothesis is ill-founded in the case of the software sector. With an industrial economic analysis of the software sector it is shown, that a S&T policy is widely not able to fulfil this expectation. The analysis of the different market segments: standard and individual software, shows that the competition is carried out on axes which can widely not be influenced by a S&T policy. The links between software enterprises and the S&T systems are very weak, which is the result of the conditions of software development and the competition axes used in the software industry. Therefore, only few, and very general, starting points remain for an active S&T policy. Main starting points are: the improvement of the education in modern software technology, improvement of patent protecting laws and their enforcement, and introduction of standardisation procedures and quality standards.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin with number 149.
Length: 48 p.
Date of creation: 1997
Date of revision:
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
- L63 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Microelectronics; Computers; Communications Equipment
- L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Prusa, Thomas J & Schmitz, James A, Jr, 1994. "Can Companies Maintain Their Initial Innovation Thrust? A Study of the PC Software Industry," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 76(3), pages 523-40, August.
- Shurmer, M & Swann, P, 1995. "An Analysis of the Process Generating De Facto Standards in the PC Spreadsheet Software Market," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 5(2), pages 119-32, June.
- Swann, Peter & Shurmer, Mark, 1994. "The emergence of standards in PC software: who would benefit from institutional intervention?," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 6(3-4), pages 295-318, December.
- Kende, Michael, 1994. "A note on backward compatibility," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 385-389.
- Church, Jeffrey & Gandal, Neil, 1992. "Network Effects, Software Provision, and Standardization," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(1), pages 85-103, March.
- Gandal, Neil, 1995. "Competing Compatibility Standards and Network Externalities in the PC Software Market," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 77(4), pages 599-608, November.
- Effie Kesidou & Henny Romijn, 2006.
"Do Local Knowledge Spillovers Matter for Development? An Empirical Study of Uruguay’s Software Cluster,"
Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS) working paper series
06-11, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS), revised Oct 2006.
- Kesidou, Effie & Romijn, Henny, 2008. "Do Local Knowledge Spillovers Matter for Development? An Empirical Study of Uruguay's Software Cluster," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 2004-2028, October.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bibliothek).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.