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Soziale Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung: Möglichkeiten auf Basis des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels

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Author Info

  • Lars Eric Kroll
  • Thomas Lampert

Abstract

In diesem Beitrag werden Möglichkeiten zur Analyse sozialer Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung auf Basis des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) dargestellt. Einleitend wird ein Überblick über verschiedene Datenquellen zur Analyse sozial differenzieller Sterblichkeit gegeben und der Forschungsstand für Deutschland zusammengefasst. Anschließend wird auf methodische Besonderheiten und Probleme des SOEP hingewiesen, die sich insbesondere an einer Überschätzung der mittleren Lebenserwartung festmachen lassen. Abschließend wird ein Verfahren vorgestellt, anhand dessen sich diese Überschätzung unter Verwendung der amtlichen Sterbetafeln ausgleichen lässt. This paper describes the potential of analysing socio-economic inequalities in life expectancy using the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP). It includes a short review on available data sources and recent evidence on inequalities in life expectancy for Germany. Subsequently the characteristics of the SOEP and some issues regarding the analysis of mortality using the data are discussed. The main problem regarding the goal of providing undistorted estimates for the life expectancy of social strata using the SOEP is the overesti-mation of life expectancy in the study population. We will present a method that allows to overcome this problem by using data of the official life tables for Germany.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 112.

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Length: 30 p.
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in: Methoden, Daten, Analysen 3 (2009), No. 1, 3-30
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp112

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Keywords: Health; income and poverty; methods;

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References

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  1. White, Halbert, 1982. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Misspecified Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 1-25, January.
  2. Gert G. Wagner & Joachim R. Frick & Jürgen Schupp, 2007. "The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP): Scope, Evolution and Enhancements," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 1, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  3. Mario Cleves & William W. Gould & Roberto G. Gutierrez & Yulia Marchenko, 2010. "An Introduction to Survival Analysis Using Stata," Stata Press books, StataCorp LP, edition 3, number saus3, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Thieme, Sebastian, 2010. "Subsistenz: Geschichte, Bedeutung und Rekonstruktion des Subsistenzbegriffes
    [Subsistence: History, Meaning and Reconstruction of the Subsistence Term]
    ," MPRA Paper 24553, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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