What is it going to take to achieve 2020 Emission Targets? Marginal abatement cost curves and the budgetary impact of CO2 taxation in Portugal (
AbstractThe objective of this paper is to study CO2 taxation in its dual role as a climate and fiscal policy instrument. It develops marginal abatement cost curves for CO2 emissions using a dynamic general equilibrium model of the Portuguese economy which highlights the mechanisms of endogenous growth and includes a detailed modeling of the public sector. It also considers complementary cost curves corresponding to the impact of CO2 taxes on GDP and on the public budget. Simulation results show that a tax of 17.00 Euros per tCO2 has the capacity to limit emissions to 62.6 Mt CO2 in 2020, consistent with the existing climate policy target for Portugal. In turn, changes in tax revenues, together with reductions in public spending, lead to a 2.7% decline in public debt. These desirable outcomes come at the cost of a 0.7% reduction in GDP. In general, stricter emission targets imply greater equilibrium CO2 tax levels and larger GDP losses, although these are accompanied by greater reductions in public debt. Finally, the paper highlights the importance of public spending behavior for projecting the impact of CO2 taxes on public revenues and the public account and designing policies to promote fiscal consolidation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, College of William and Mary in its series Working Papers with number 105.
Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 03 Jan 2014
Date of revision:
Marginal Abatement Costs; Economic Effects; Budgetary Effects; Carbon Taxation; Dynamic General Equilibrium; Portugal;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
- Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
- Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters
- Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
- C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
- D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
- H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
- H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
- H60 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-02-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-DGE-2011-02-05 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-ENE-2011-02-05 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2011-02-05 (Environmental Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gilbert Metcalf & David Weisbach, 2008.
"The Design of a Carbon Tax,"
Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University
0727, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
- Metcalf, Gilbert & Weisbach, David, 2009. "The Design of a Carbon Tax," Working paper 142, Regulation2point0.
- Gilbert Metcalf & David Weisbach, 2008. "The Design of a Carbon Tax," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0728, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
- Carlo Carraro & Enrica De Cian & Massimo Tavoni, 2009.
"Human capital formation and global warming mitigation: evidence from an integrated assessment model,"
2009_30, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
- Carlo Carraro & Enrica De Cian & Massimo Tavoni, 2009. "Human Capital Formation and Global Warming Mitigation: Evidence from an Integrated Assessment Model," CESifo Working Paper Series 2874, CESifo Group Munich.
- Böhringer, Christoph & Rutherford, Thomas F. & Tol, Richard S. J., 2009. "The EU 20/20/2020 Targets: An Overview of the EMF22 Assessment," Papers WP325, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Marginal abatement cost curves and the budgetary impact of CO2 taxation in Portugal
by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2011-02-07 02:31:15
- Gerhard Glomm & Juergen Jung, 2012. "A Macroeconomic Analysis of Energy Subsidies in a Small Open Economy: The Case of Egypt," Caepr Working Papers 2012-006, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
- Alfredo Marvão Pereira & Rui M. Pereira, 2011. "On the Economic and Budgetary Impact of Fiscal Devaluation in Portugal," Working Papers 116, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary.
- Alfredo Marvão Pereira & Rui M. Pereira, 2012. "DGEP - A Dynamic General Equilibrium Model of the Portuguese Economy: Model Documentation," Working Papers 127, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary.
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