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The Expenditure Switching Effect and the Choice Between Fixed and Floating Exchange Rates

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  • Senay, Ozge
  • Sutherland, Alan

Abstract

A two-country sticky-price general equilibrium model is used to examine the implications of the expenditure switching effect for the welfare properties of fixed and floating exchange rate regimes. A comparison between the two regimes shows that the volatility of consumption is unambiguously lower in the floating exchange rate regime, but the volatility of home output can be higher or lower depending on the value of the elasticity of substitution between home and foreign goods. A utility-based welfare comparison of the two regimes concludes that a floating exchange rate regime yields higher welfare when the expenditure switching effect is relatively weak, but a fixed exchange rate regime is superior when the expenditure switching effect is strong.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 4300.

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Date of creation: Mar 2004
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4300

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Keywords: exchange rates; expenditure switching; welfare;

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References

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  1. Lane, P, 1999. "The New Open Economy Macroeconomics: A Survey," Trinity Economics Papers 993, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  2. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2003. "Global Implications of Self-Oriented National Monetary Rules," Macroeconomics 0303018, EconWPA.
  3. Obstfeld, M., 1998. "Risk and Exchange Rate," Papers 193, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
  4. Eric van Wincoop & Philippe Bacchetta, 2000. "Does Exchange-Rate Stability Increase Trade and Welfare?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1093-1109, December.
  5. Giancarlo Corsetti & Paolo Pesenti, 2001. "International Dimensions of Optimal Monetary Policy," NBER Working Papers 8230, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1995. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(3), pages 624-60, June.
  7. Devereux, Michael B, 2000. "A Simple Dynamic General Equilibrium Model Of The Tradeoff Between Fixed And Floating Exchange Rates," CEPR Discussion Papers 2403, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Michael Devereux & Charles Engel, 2000. "Monetary Policy in the Open Economy Revisited: Price Setting and Exchange Rate Flexibiity," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 0016, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
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Cited by:
  1. William Barnett & Unal Eryilmaz, 2012. "Hopf Bifurcation in the Clarida, Gali, and Gertler Model," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 201211, University of Kansas, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2012.
  2. Alan Sutherland, 2005. "The Expenditure Switching Effect, Welfare and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp022, IIIS.
  3. Nikolay Gueorguiev & Pelin Berkmen, 2004. "Macroeconomic Implications of the Transition to Inflation Targeting and Capital Account Liberalization in Romania," IMF Working Papers 04/232, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Berger, Wolfram, 2006. "The choice between fixed and flexible exchange rates: Which is best for a small open economy?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 371-385, May.

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