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Does Exchange Rate Stability Increase Trade and Welfare ?

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Author Info

  • Philippe BACCHETTA
  • Eric VAN WINCOOP

Abstract

We develop a simple general equilibrium framework to study the effect of the exchange rate system on trade and welfare. An important feature of the model is deviations from purchasing power parity, caused by rigid price setting in buyers' currency. We find the following. First, exchange rate stability is not necessarily associated with more trade.In a simple benchmark model with separable preferences and only monetary shocks, trade is unaffected by the exchange rate system, consistent with most evidence. Second, both trade and welfare can be higher under either exchange rate system, depending on preferences and on the monetary policy rules followed under each system. Finally, in general there is no one-to-one relationship between the levels of trade and welfare across exchange rate systems.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP in its series Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) with number 9917.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Sep 1999
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in American Economic Review, déc. 2000
Handle: RePEc:lau:crdeep:9917

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Postal: Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP, Internef, CH-1015 Lausanne
Phone: ++41 21 692.33.64
Fax: ++41 21 692.33.05
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Web page: http://www.hec.unil.ch/deep/publications/cahiers/series
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Keywords: exchange rate volatility; exchange rate regime;

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  1. Bacchetta, Philippe & van Wincoop, Eric, 1998. "Does Exchange Rate Stability Increase Trade and Capital Flows?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1962, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Betts, Caroline & Devereux, Michael B., 1996. "The exchange rate in a model of pricing-to-market," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 1007-1021, April.
  3. Backus, David K. & Smith, Gregor W., 1993. "Consumption and real exchange rates in dynamic economies with non-traded goods," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(3-4), pages 297-316, November.
  4. Baron, David P, 1976. "Flexible Exchange Rates, Forward Markets, and the Level of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(3), pages 253-66, June.
  5. Bohn, Henning, 1990. "A positive theory of foreign currency debt," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3-4), pages 273-292, November.
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