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R&D and Technology Spillovers through FDI: Innovation and Absorptive Capacity

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  • Kinoshita, Yuko
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    Abstract

    This Paper examines the effects of two faces of R&D (innovation and development of absorptive or learning capacity) and technology spillovers from FDI (foreign direct investment) on a firm’s productivity growth. Using firm-level panel data on Czech manufacturing firms between 1995 and 1998, I find that: 1) The learning effect of R&D is more important than the innovative effect of R&D in explaining the productivity growth of a firm 2) Technology spillovers from FDI occur for firms that are more R&D intensive 3) Spillovers from foreign joint ventures are insignificant for Czech manufacturing firms 4) The extent of technology spillovers is greater in oligopolistic sectors (electrical machinery and radio and television) than in non-oligopolistic sectors (food, non-metallic minerals, and other manufacturing).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 2775.

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    Date of creation: May 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2775

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    Related research

    Keywords: Absorptive Capacity; Foreign Direct Investment; R&D; Spillovers;

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    1. Cohen, Wesley M & Levinthal, Daniel A, 1989. "Innovation and Learning: The Two Faces of R&D," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 569-96, September.
    2. Blomström, Magnus & Sjöholm, Fredrik, 1998. "Technology Transfer and Spillovers: Does Local Participation with Multinationals Matter?," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 268, Stockholm School of Economics.
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    6. Ben-David, Dan & Loewy, Michael B, 1995. "Free Trade and Long-Run Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 1183, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    15. Jozef Konings, 2000. "The Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on Domestic Firms: Evidence from Firm Level Panel Data in Emerging Economies," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 344, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    16. Eduardo Borensztein & Jose De Gregorio & Jong-Wha Lee, 1995. "How Does Foreign Direct Investment Affect Economic Growth?," NBER Working Papers 5057, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Bronwyn H. Hall & Jacques Mairesse, 1992. "Exploring the Relationship Between R&D and Productivity in French Manufacturing Firms," NBER Working Papers 3956, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Yuko Kinoshita, 1999. "Technology Spillovers through Foreign Direct Investment," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 221, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
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    Cited by:
    1. repec:wyi:journl:002154 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Görg, Holger & Greenaway, David, 2002. "Much Ado About Nothing? Do Domestic Firms Really Benefit from Foreign Investment?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3485, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Girma, Sourafel & Görg, Holger, 2005. "Foreign direct investment, spillovers and absorptive capacity: evidence from quantile regressions," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2005,13, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
    4. Giovanni Peri, 2004. "Catching-Up to Foreign Technology? Evidence on the "Veblen-Gerschenkron" Effect of Foreign Investments," NBER Working Papers 10893, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Crespo, Nuno & Fontoura, Maria Paula, 2007. "Determinant Factors of FDI Spillovers - What Do We Really Know?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 410-425, March.
    6. Adam Gersl & Ieva Rubene & Tina Zumer, 2007. "Foreign Direct Investment and Productivity Spillovers: Updated Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe," Working Papers 2007/8, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    7. Miozzo, Marcela & Grimshaw, Damian, 2008. "Service multinationals and forward linkages with client firms: The case of IT outsourcing in Argentina and Brazil," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 8-27, February.
    8. Suyanto & Salim, Ruhul A. & Bloch, Harry, 2009. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Lead to Productivity Spillovers? Firm Level Evidence from Indonesia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 1861-1876, December.
    9. Holger Görg & David Greenaway, 2004. "Much Ado about Nothing? Do Domestic Firms Really Benefit from Foreign Direct Investment?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 19(2), pages 171-197.
    10. PROENÇA, Isabel & FONTOURA, Paula & CRESPO, Nuno, 2006. "Productivity Spillovers From Multinational Corporations In Portugal: Vulnerability To Deficient Estimation," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 6(1).

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