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Democracy and Environmental Quality in Latin America: A Panel System of Equations Approach, 1995-2008

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  • García Callejas, Danny

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    Abstract

    Resumen:Esta investigación sugiere que un incremento del 10% en los niveles de democracia en América Latina reduce hasta en 0.6% el nivel de emisiones per capita de CO2 (calidad ambiental). Esta relación se estima mediante un sistema de ecuaciones de panel de datos aplicado a 19 países latinoamericanos en el periodo 1995-2008. La democracia actúa como un medio para las crecientes demandas de calidad ambiental en América Latina causadas por el incremento en la población urbana y niveles de desarrollo. Sin embargo, esta investigación tiene, por lo menos, dos limitaciones: primero, no analiza la relación de largo plazo entre democracia y calidad ambiental en América Latina; y, segundo, este estudio supone que la democracia es un sistema político solo con consecuencias positivas.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE in its series BORRADORES DEPARTAMENTO DE ECONOMÍA with number 008102.

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    Length: 29
    Date of creation: 31 Oct 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:col:000196:008102

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    Related research

    Keywords: América Latina; calidad ambiental; democracia; emisiones per capita de CO2; sistema de ecuaciones de panel;

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    1. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy & Robert F. Tamura, 1990. "Human Capital, Fertility, and Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3414, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Francisco Rivera-Batiz, 2002. "Democracy, goverance and economic growth: Theory and evidence," Discussion Papers 0102-57, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
    3. Congleton, Roger D, 1992. "Political Institutions and Pollution Control," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(3), pages 412-21, August.
    4. Martinez, Emmanuel & Tazdaït, Tarik & Tovar, Elisabeth, 2008. "Participative democracy and local environmental issues," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1-2), pages 68-79, December.
    5. Kevin Gallagher & Strom Thacker, 2008. "Democracy, Income, and Environmental Quality," Working Papers wp164, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    6. Per G. Fredriksson & Eric Neumayer & Richard Damania & Scott Gates, 2005. "Environmentalism, democracy, and pollution control," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 630, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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