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Technological Learning and Organizational Context: Fit and Performance in SMEs

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  • Élisabeth Lefebvre
  • Louis A. Lefebvre
  • Lise Préfontaine
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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the relationship between organizational fit and performance. More specifically internal coherence within and between differential abilities to learn and attributes of the organizational context and the relationship between the level of internal coherence and firm performance is assessed in the specific context of SMEs. Results derived from a particular form of theoretical approach based on fit as gestalt suggest that fit and performance must be interpreted in light of the organizational evolution and the corresponding change brought upon by influencial actors such as the CEO. It was also possible to show not only that fit as gestalt is an appropriate methodological and analytical approach to the study of such phenomena but also that second order fit mey in fact provide more robust results since it allows to investigate mutual and reciprocal correspondence between configurations of abilities to learn and organizational context. RS: Cet article étudie les relations entre performance et cohérence organisationnelle. On évalue plus spécifiquement le niveau de cohérence entre les habilités d'apprentissage et les attributs du contexte organisationnel pour ensuite établir la relation entre cette cohérence interne et la performance de la firme. Cet article étudie les relations entre performance et cohérence organisationnelle. On évalue plus spécifiquement le niveau de cohérence entre les habilités d'apprentissage et les attributs du contexte organisationnel pour ensuite établir la relation entre cette cohérence et la performance de la firme.

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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/pdf/publication/96s-32.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 96s-32.

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    Date of creation: 01 Nov 1996
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    Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:96s-32

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    Keywords: Organizational Fit; Organizational Learning; Performance; Cohérence organisationnelle; apprentissage organisationnel; performance;

    References

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    1. Covin, Jeffrey G. & Slevin, Dennis P., 1990. "New venture strategic posture, structure, and performance: An industry life cycle analysis," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 123-135, March.
    2. Kleinknecht, Alfred & Reijnen, Jeroen O. N., 1991. "More evidence on the undercounting of small firm R&D," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 579-587, December.
    3. Louis A. Lefebvre & Robert Mason & Élisabeth Lefebvre, 1997. "The Influence Prism in SMEs: The Power of CEOs' Perceptions on Technology Policy and Its Organizational Impacts," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 43(6), pages 856-878, June.
    4. Glenn Milligan & Martha Cooper, 1985. "An examination of procedures for determining the number of clusters in a data set," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 50(2), pages 159-179, June.
    5. Élisabeth Lefebvre & Louis A. Lefebvre & R. Mason, 1994. "The Influence Prism in SMEs: The Power of CEOs' Perceptions on Technology Policy and Its Organizational Impacts," CIRANO Working Papers 94s-04, CIRANO.
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