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The Choice of Fiscal Regimes in the World

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  • César Calderón
  • Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel

Abstract

Fiscal policy regimes are increasingly adopted by governments that aim at contributing to stabilize business cycles and make public finances more resilient to political pressure. This paper presents a comprehensive empirical exploration of the possible explanations of why countries choose fiscal policy regimes. The paper puts together and uses a large world panel dataset for treatment and control country groups, applies five panel-data estimation techniques for discrete-choice dependent variables, and conducts robustness checks for different control groups and time periods. The paper’s evidence shows that the likelihood of having a fiscal regime in place increases significantly and robustly with the government balance, government stability, and GDP per-capita, and declines with dependency ratio and expenditure procyclicality.

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Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 487.

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Date of creation: Sep 2008
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:487

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  1. Arellano, M. & Honore, B., 2000. "Panel Data Models: Some Recent Developments," Papers 0016, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros-.
  2. George Kopits, 2001. "Fiscal Rules," IMF Working Papers 01/145, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Arellano, M & Carrasco, R, 1996. "Binary Choice Panel Data Models with Predetermined Variables," Papers 9618, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros-.
  4. Ekaterini Kyriazidou, 1997. "Estimation of a Panel Data Sample Selection Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(6), pages 1335-1364, November.
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