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Monetary Policy, Job Flows and Unemployment in a Sticky Price Framework

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  • Claudio Soto

Abstract

The paper presents a general equilibrium model that combines a non-Walrasian labor market with firms setting prices on a staggered basis. The model is utilized to analyze the impact of different shocks on a set of variables under two alternative monetary policy rules. The main characteristic of the labor market is the existence of a search friction that results in a positive equilibrium rate of unemployment. Sticky prices, on the other hand, introduce a demand-sided transmission mechanism for the monetary policy that allows analysis of the effects of different shocks. The model is able to generate a positive correlation between inflation and employment (the Phillips curve) as well as the observed correlation pattern between job creation and employment and job destruction and employment. It also replicates the contemporaneous negative correlation between job creation and job destruction that is observed in the data.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 219.

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Date of creation: Aug 2003
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:219

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  1. Andolfatto, David, 1996. "Business Cycles and Labor-Market Search," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(1), pages 112-32, March.
  2. Richard Clarida & Jordi Gali & Mark Gertler, 1998. "Monetary policy rules in practice," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Mar.
  3. Mortensen, Dale T & Pissarides, Christopher A, 1994. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the Theory of Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 397-415, July.
  4. Yun, Tack, 1996. "Nominal price rigidity, money supply endogeneity, and business cycles," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 345-370, April.
  5. Merz, Monika, 1995. "Search in the labor market and the real business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 269-300, November.
  6. Julio Rotemberg & Michael Woodford, 1997. "An Optimization-Based Econometric Framework for the Evaluation of Monetary Policy," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1997, Volume 12, pages 297-361 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Nelson, E., 1998. "Sluggish inflation and optimizing models of the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 303-322, July.
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