Nineteenth Century Black and White US Statures: The Primary Sources of Vitamin D and their Relationship with Height
AbstractVitamin D is vital in all vertebrates because it allows them to absorb more calcium from their diets, contributing to stronger skeletal systems and stature growth. Using a new source of 19th century US state prison records, this study contrasts the statures of comparable African-Americans and whites by the primary sources of vitamin D production: time exposed to solar radiation, skin pigmentation, and nativity. Greater insolation (vitamin D production) is documented here to be associated with taller black and white statures, and a considerable share of the stature differential by socioeconomic status was related to insolation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 2497.
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
socioeconomic status; vitamin D; insolation; 19th century US statures;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- N81 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
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