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The Role of Higher Education Institutions: Recruitment of Elites and Economic Growth

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  • Elise S. Brezis
  • François Crouzet

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to examine the evolution of recruitment of elites and to investigate the nature of the links between recruitment of elites and economic growth. The main change that occurred in the way the Western world trained its elites is that meritocracy became the basis for their recruitment. Although meritocratic selection should result in the best being chosen, we show that meritocratic recruitment actually leads to class stratification and auto-recruitment. We analyze the consequences of stratification resulting from meritocratic selection for the development of a country, and show that these consequences are dependent upon the type of technological changes occurring in the country.

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File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/WP/WP-CESifo_Working_Papers/wp-cesifo-2004/wp-cesifo-2004-12/cesifo1_wp1360.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 1360.

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Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1360

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Related research

Keywords: economic growth; education; elites; meritocracy; recruitment; social mobility; stratification;

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References

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  1. Galor, Oded & Tsiddon, Daniel, 1997. "Technological Progress, Mobility, and Economic Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(3), pages 363-82, June.
  2. Derek A. Neal & William R. Johnson, 1995. "The Role of Pre-Market Factors in Black-White Wage Differences," NBER Working Papers 5124, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Temin, Peter, 1999. "The Stability of the American Business Elite," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(2), pages 189-209, June.
  4. Miller, William, 1949. "American Historians and the Business Elite," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(02), pages 184-208, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Brezis, Elise S., 2010. "Globalization and the Emergence of a Transnational Oligarchy," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Working Paper W, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  2. Elise S. Brezis, 2012. "Ranking and Quality of Universities: Why are US Universities at the top of the International Rankings?," Working Papers 2012-05, Department of Economics, Bar-Ilan University.
  3. Brezis, Elise S., 2008. "Is Privatization Necessary to achieve Quality of Universities?," MPRA Paper 12485, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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