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Estimación del costo económico en Argentina de la mortalidad atribuible al tabaco en adultos

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  • Mariana Conte Grand
  • Pablo Perel
  • Raúl Pitarque
  • Gustavo Sánchez

Abstract

Existe amplia evidencia científica que vincula al tabaquismo con la mortalidad. Para estimar el costo de la mortalidad anual atribuible al tabaco (MAT) para adultos en Argentina se utilizaron datos de prevalencia de consumo de fumadores y ex fumadores (SEDRONAR), riesgos relativos de muerte por las patologías relevantes (Cancer Prevention Study II), muertes por dichas enfermedades y el valor de la consecuente productividad perdida. Se concluye que en el 2000, se produjeron 39.131 MAT en Argentina en los mayores de 35 años (16% de las de ese grupo). El costo anual medido como pérdida de ingresos futuros por mortalidad prematura fue de 469 millones de pesos, implicando esto $14 por habitante y 0,17% del PBI del año 2000. También se encontraron diferencias debidas a cada causa de mortalidad por sexo y edad.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad del CEMA in its series CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. with number 253.

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Date of creation: Dec 2003
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Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:253

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Keywords: Epidemiología; Tabaco; Mortalidad; Valuación;

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  1. Johnson, Elizabeth & Dominici, Francesca & Griswold, Michael & L. Zeger, Scott, 2003. "Disease cases and their medical costs attributable to smoking: an analysis of the national medical expenditure survey," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 135-151, January.
  2. Viscusi, W Kip, 1999. "The Governmental Composition of the Insurance Costs of Smoking," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 42(2), pages 575-609, October.
  3. Glenn W. Harrison & James P. Feehan & Alison C. Edwards & Jorge Segovia, 2003. "Cigarette Smoking and the Cost of Hospital and Physician Care," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 29(1), pages 1-19, March.
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