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Financial fragility and growth prospects: credit rationing during the crisis

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  • Giorgio Albareto

    ()
    (Bank of Italy)

  • Paolo Finaldi Russo

    ()
    (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

This paper analyzes firms’ difficulties in accessing credit before and during the crisis, by focusing on two of their characteristics: financial fragility and growth prospects. Our econometric analysis indicates that fragile financial conditions were associated with a much higher than average probability of rationing, both before and during the crisis. High rates of growth in sales and investments, in value added per employee and in the propensity to export – indicators presumably linked to growth prospects – favoured access to credit in the period leading up to the financial crisis; during the crisis, instead, credit rationing was more widespread and less related to firms’ potential growth. Lending relationships facilitated access to the credit market, especially for firms with better growth prospects; this result is consistent with the hypothesis that the banks which are more involved in firms’ financing have better information and stronger incentives to use it.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) with number 127.

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Date of creation: Jul 2012
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Handle: RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_127_12

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Keywords: credit rationing; relationship lending; financial fragility; growth prospects;

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References

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  1. Eugenio Gaiotti, 2011. "Credit availability and investment in Italy: lessons from the "Great Recession"," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 793, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  2. Guiso, Luigi, 2003. "Small business finance in Italy," EIB Papers 10/2003, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
  3. Guiso, Luigi, 1997. "High-Tech Firms and Credit Rationing," CEPR Discussion Papers 1696, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Ferrando, Annalisa & Griesshaber, Nicolas, 2011. "Financing obstacles among euro area firms: Who suffers the most?," Working Paper Series 1293, European Central Bank.
  5. Antonio Accetturo & Anna Giunta & Salvatore Rossi, 2011. "The Italian firms between crisis and the new globalization," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 86, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  6. Giorgio Gobbi & Enrico Sette, 2012. "Relationship lending in a financial turmoil," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 59, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
  7. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
  8. Del Giovane, Paolo & Eramo, Ginette & Nobili, Andrea, 2011. "Disentangling demand and supply in credit developments: A survey-based analysis for Italy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 2719-2732, October.
  9. Angelini, P. & Di Salvo, R. & Ferri, G., 1998. "Availability and cost of credit for small businesses: Customer relationships and credit cooperatives," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(6-8), pages 925-954, August.
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