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Accession Poland's to the EU - Some Lessons from International Trade Theory

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Abstract

The Eastern enlargement of the European Union is significantly increasing the area, where free trade of goods and services are among the core principles of all member countries. Existing economic borders between the applicant countries and the current EU members will have to be broken down, leaving no room for the protection of non-viable industries. In this paper, we apply traditional as well as new theories of international trade in order to identify sectors of the Polish economy with a comparative (dis)advantage. As a main result, human capital- as well as capital-intensive industries will be among the prominent losers of Poland's accession to the EU. This structural change will be accompanied by significant changes in the income distribution. In the long-run, inter-industry trade will be substituted by intra-industry trade. However, because of a high number of determinants, relatively little can be said about the industries which will successfully participate in intra-industry trade.

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Paper provided by Universitaet Augsburg, Institute for Economics in its series Discussion Paper Series with number 216.

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Length: pages
Date of creation: Jan 2002
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Handle: RePEc:aug:augsbe:0216

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Keywords: EU Eastern Enlargement; International Trade Theory; Intra-industry Trade;

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  1. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
  2. Mussa, Michael, 1974. "Tariffs and the Distribution of Income: The Importance of Factor Specificity, Substitutability, and Intensity in the Short and Long Run," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1191-1203, Nov.-Dec..
  3. Falvey, Rodney E., 1981. "Commercial policy and intra-industry trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 495-511, November.
  4. David Hummels & Dana Rapoport & Kei-Mu Yi, 1998. "Vertical specialization and the changing nature of world trade," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Jun, pages 79-99.
  5. Gordon H. Hanson & Matthew J. Slaughter, 1999. "The Rybczynski Theorem, Factor-Price Equalization, and Immigration: Evidence from U.S. States," NBER Working Papers 7074, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Richard E. Baldwin & Joseph F. Francois & Richard Portes, 1997. "The costs and benefits of eastern enlargement: the impact on the EU and central Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 12(24), pages 125-176, 04.
  7. James Brander, 1980. "Intra-Industry Trade in Identical Commodities," Working Papers 380, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  8. Daniel Piazolo, 2000. "EU integration of transition countries: Overlap of requisites and remaining tasks," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 35(6), pages 264-273, November.
  9. Brenton, Paul & Gros, Daniel, 1997. "Trade Reorientation and Recovery in Transition Economies," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(2), pages 65-76, Summer.
  10. Krugman, Paul R, 1981. "Intraindustry Specialization and the Gains from Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 959-73, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Lissowska, Maria, 2002. "East European prospective members of the European Union under globalisation pressure," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 395-399, December.

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