Migration in Arctic Alaska: Empirical Evidence of the Stepping Stones Hypothesis
AbstractThis paper explores hypotheses of hierarchical migration using data from the Alaskan Arctic. We focus on migration of Iñupiat people, who are indigenous to the region, and explore the role of income and subsistence harvests on migration. To test related hypotheses we use confidential micro-data from the US Census Bureau’s 2000 Decennial Census of Population and Income and generate migration probabilities using a mixed multinomial and conditional logit model. Our findings are broadly consistent with Ravenstein’s (1885) early hypothesis of step-wise migration; we find evidence of step-wise migration, both up and down an urban and rural hierarchy. We also find that where migrants choose to live is a function of place, personal, and household characteristics.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Alaska Anchorage, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2011-03.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.cbpp.uaa.alaska.edu/CBPPHome/DepartmentsandMajors/Economics.aspx
More information through EDIRC
Migration; Hierarchical Migration; Rural to Urban Migration; Arctic Alaska;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-08-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2011-08-22 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-MIG-2011-08-22 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-URE-2011-08-22 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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