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Migration in Arctic Alaska: Empirical Evidence of the Stepping Stones Hypothesis

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Author Info

  • E. Lance Howe

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Alaska Anchorage)

  • Lee Huskey

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Alaska Anchorage)

  • Matthew D. Berman

    ()
    (Institute of Social and Economic Research and Department of Economics, University of Alaska Anchorage)

Abstract

This paper explores hypotheses of hierarchical migration using data from the Alaskan Arctic. We focus on migration of Iñupiat people, who are indigenous to the region, and explore the role of income and subsistence harvests on migration. To test related hypotheses we use confidential micro-data from the US Census Bureau’s 2000 Decennial Census of Population and Income and generate migration probabilities using a mixed multinomial and conditional logit model. Our findings are broadly consistent with Ravenstein’s (1885) early hypothesis of step-wise migration; we find evidence of step-wise migration, both up and down an urban and rural hierarchy. We also find that where migrants choose to live is a function of place, personal, and household characteristics.

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File URL: http://www.econpapers.uaa.alaska.edu/RePEC/ala/wpaper/ALA201103.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Alaska Anchorage, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2011-03.

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Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ala:wpaper:2011-03

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Web page: http://www.cbpp.uaa.alaska.edu/CBPPHome/DepartmentsandMajors/Economics.aspx
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Related research

Keywords: Migration; Hierarchical Migration; Rural to Urban Migration; Arctic Alaska;

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  1. Jari Ritsila & Marko Ovaskainen, 2001. "Migration and regional centralization of human capital," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(3), pages 317-325.
  2. Jie Zhang, 2002. "Urbanization, population transition, and growth," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 54(1), pages 91-117, January.
  3. T J Fik & R G Amey & G F Mulligan, 1992. "Labor migration amongst hierarchically competing and intervening origins and destinations," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 24(9), pages 1271-1290, September.
  4. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Stark, Oded, 1989. "Consumption Smoothing, Migration, and Marriage: Evidence from Rural India," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 905-26, August.
  5. Pessino, Carola, 1991. "Sequential migration theory and evidence from Peru," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 55-87, July.
  6. Stark, Oded & Lucas, Robert E B, 1988. "Migration, Remittances, and the Family," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36(3), pages 465-81, April.
  7. Lee Huskey & Matthew Berman & Alexandra Hill, 2004. "Leaving home, returning home: Migration as a labor market choice for Alaska Natives," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 75-92, 03.
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