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Health Status and Health Care Access of Farm and Rural Populations

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Author Info

  • Jones, Carol Adaire
  • Parker, Timothy S.
  • Ahearn, Mary Clare
  • Mishra, Ashok K.
  • Variyam, Jayachandran N.

Abstract

Rural residents have higher rates of age-adjusted mortality, disability, and chronic disease than their urban counterparts, though mortality and disability rates vary more by region than by metro status. Contributing negatively to the health status of rural residents are their lower socioeconomic status, higher incidence of both smoking and obesity, and lower levels of physical activity. Contributing negatively to the health status of farmers are the high risks from workplace hazards, which also affect other members of farm families who live on the premises and often share in the work; contributing positively are farmers’ higher socioeconomic status, lower incidence of smoking, and more active lifestyle. Both farm and rural populations experience lower access to health care along the dimensions of affordability, proximity, and quality, compared with their nonfarm and urban counterparts.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Economic Information Bulletin with number 54430.

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Date of creation: Aug 2009
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Handle: RePEc:ags:uersib:54430

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Related research

Keywords: Health Economics and Policy; agriculture safety and health; electronic health records; farmer health; health; health care access; health care affordability; health care quality; health disparities; health IT; health status; mortality; rural health; telehealth; uninsured;

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References

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  1. David M. Cutler & Adriana Lleras-Muney & Tom Vogl, 2008. "Socioeconomic Status and Health: Dimensions and Mechanisms," NBER Working Papers 14333, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Katherine Baicker & Amitabh Chandra, 2004. "The Productivity of Physician Specialization: Evidence from the Medicare Program," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 357-361, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Pankaj Lal & Janaki Alavalapati & Evan Mercer, 2011. "Socio-economic impacts of climate change on rural United States," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 16(7), pages 819-844, October.
  2. Pender, John L. & Marre, Alexander W. & Reeder, Richard J., 2012. "Rural Wealth Creation Concepts, Strategies, and Measures," Economic Research Report 121860, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

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