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Impacts Of Land Resdistribution On Land Management And Productivity In The Ethiopian Highlands

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Author Info

  • Pender, John L.
  • Benin, Samuel

Abstract

The increasing problem of landlessness in Ethiopia has put pressure on regional governments to redistribute land. In 1997 and 1998, a major land redistribution was undertaken in the Amhara region, reducing landlessness where implemented. While the impacts of such redistributions have been hotly debated, little empirical evidence exists concerning the actual impacts of this redistribution. We find that the recent land redistribution in Amhara has had a positive impact on land productivity, by increasing access to land of farmers who are more interested or able to use purchased inputs such as fertilizer and improved seeds. Our results, however, do not show much effect of the recent land redistribution or expectations of future redistribution on land improvement and management. Thus, to the extent that investment in land improvement are necessary for conservation purposes, it appears that the policy change to stop redistributions is unlikely to have a substantial impact on reducing land degradation in this region of Ethiopia.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association) in its series 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL with number 20701.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea01:20701

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Keywords: Land Economics/Use;

References

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  1. Shiferaw, Bekele & Holden, Stein T., 1998. "Resource degradation and adoption of land conservation technologies in the Ethiopian Highlands: A case study in Andit Tid, North Shewa," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 18(3), pages 233-247, May.
  2. Quisumbing, Agnes R. & Payongayong, Ellen & Aidoo, J. B. & Otsuka, Keijiro, 1999. "Women's land rights in the transition to individualized ownership," FCND discussion papers 58, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Pender, John L. & Kerr, John M., 1999. "The effects of land sales restrictions: evidence from south India," Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 21(3), December.
  4. Place, Frank & Swallow, Brent M., 2000. "Assessing the relationships between property rights and technology adoption in smallholder agriculture: a review of issues and empirical methods," CAPRi working papers 2, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  5. Sarah Gavian & Marcel Fafchamps, 1996. "Land Tenure and Allocative Efficiency in Niger," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(2), pages 460-471.
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Cited by:
  1. Kassie, Menale & Pender, John & Yesuf, Mahmud & Köhlin, Gunnar & Mulugeta, Elias, 2009. "The Role of Soil Conservation on Mean Crop Yield and Variance of Yield - Evidence from the Ethiopian Highlands," Working Papers in Economics 408, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  2. Josephson, Anna Leigh & Ricker-Gilbert, Jacob & Florax, Raymond J.G.M. & Chamberlain, Jordan & Heady, Derek, 2012. "How does Population Density affect Agricultural Productivity? Evidence from Ethiopia," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124996, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  3. Bekele, Wagayehu & Drake, Lars, 2003. "Soil and water conservation decision behavior of subsistence farmers in the Eastern Highlands of Ethiopia: a case study of the Hunde-Lafto area," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 437-451, October.

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