How Well Are Social Security Recipients Protected from Inflation?
In: Investigations in the Economics of Aging
AbstractSocial Security is widely believed to protect its recipients from inflation because benefits are indexed to the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). However, the CPI-W may not accurately reflect the experience of retirees for two reasons. First, retirees generally have higher medical expenses than workers, and medical costs, in recent years, have tended to rise faster than the prices of other goods. Second, even if medical costs did not rise faster than other goods, as retirees age, their medical spending would still tend to increase as a share of income; that is, each cohort of retirees would still see a decline in real income left over for non-medical spending. In the 1918 birth cohort, We show that Social Security benefits net of average out-of-pocket medical expenses have declined relative to a price index for non-medical goods by almost 20 percent for men, and almost 27 percent for women. We also explore the extent to which indexing Social Security benefits to the CPI-E, an experimental measure of inflation for the elderly, would change these results.
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Other versions of this item:
- Goda, Gopi Shah & Shoven, John B. & Slavov, Sita Nataraj, 2011. "How Well Are Social Security Recipients Protected From Inflation?," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 64(2), pages 429-49, June.
- Gopi Shah Goda & John Shoven & Sita Slavov, 2009. "How Well Are Social Security Recipients Protected From Inflation?," Discussion Papers 08-059, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
- Gopi Shah Goda & John B. Shoven & Sita Nataraj Slavov, 2010. "How Well Are Social Security Recipients Protected from Inflation?," NBER Working Papers 16212, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
- J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
- J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
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