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Consensus, Confusion, and Controversy : Selected Land Reform Issues in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • Rogier van den Brink
  • Glen Thomas
  • Hans Binswanger
  • John Bruce
  • Frank Byamugisha

Abstract

Land reform can broadly be divided into land tenure reform-the establishment of secure and formalized property rights in land-and land redistribution-the transfer of land from large to small farmers. The paper is therefore divided into two chapters. The first chapter gives a short narrative of some of the key land tenure and land policy issues. While these issues remain politically sensitive, there is a solid consensus emerging on how to deal with them, but only once the confusion surrounding private and common property, and formal and informal rights, is cleared. In particular, secure property rights should not be confused with full private "ownership." The second chapter addresses the redistribution of property rights in land from large to small farmers-redistributive land reform. There is a heightened sense of urgency on the need to address land redistribution, especially in the former settler colonies in Southern Africa, but controversy exists on the appropriate implementation mechanisms. The case of South Africa is highlighted, because success there would have tremendous regional and international implications for land redistribution. A policy framework for redistributive land reform is outlined, within which the competing paradigms compete there where it actually matters: on the ground.

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Bibliographic Info

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This book is provided by The World Bank in its series World Bank Publications with number 7387 and published in 2005.

ISBN: 978-0-8213-6440-6
Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:7387

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Web page: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org
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Related research

Keywords: Urban Development - Urban Housing Private Sector Development - Land and Real Estate Development Banks and Banking Reform Urban Development - Municipal Housing and Land Communities and Human Settlements - Real Estate Development Finance and Financial Sector Development;

References

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  1. repec:wop:minnas:9702 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Raffaella Castagnini & Klaus Deininger & Maria A. Gonzalez, 2004. "Comparing land reform and land markets in colombia: impacts on equity and efficiency," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3258, The World Bank.
  3. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1998. "New ways of looking at old issues: inequality and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 259-287.
  4. Daniel Bromley, 1992. "The commons, common property, and environmental policy," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 2(1), pages 1-17, January.
  5. Douglass C. North & Robert Paul Thomas, 1977. "The First Economic Revolution," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 30(2), pages 229-241, 05.
  6. Binswanger, Hans P & McIntire, John, 1987. "Behavioral and Material Determinants of Production Relations in Land-Abundant Tropical Agriculture," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36(1), pages 73-99, October.
  7. Kislev, Yoav & Peterson, Willis, 1982. "Prices, Technology, and Farm Size," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(3), pages 578-95, June.
  8. Jodha, N.S., 1992. "Common Property Resources; A Missing Dimension of development Strategies," World Bank - Discussion Papers 168, World Bank.
  9. Deininger, Klaus, 1995. "Collective agricultural production: A solution for transition economies?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(8), pages 1317-1334, August.
  10. Peterson, Willis L., 1997. "Are Large Farms More Efficient?," Staff Papers 13411, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
  11. van Zyl, Johan & Binswanger, Hans & Thirtle, Colin, 1995. "The relationship between farm size and efficiency in South African agriculture," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1548, The World Bank.
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