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Tasa óptima de empresarialidad y desarrollo económico. Evidencias para el caso español


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  • José Antonio Belso Martínez


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    El fenómeno emprendedor se ha convertido a lo largo de los últimos años en objeto frecuente de actuación por parte de los responsables en materia de política económica y de estudio por parte de la ciencia. El propósito de nuestro estudio es analizar cómo es la evolución de la tasa de empresarialidad de equilibrio a medida que una economía alcanza mayores niveles de desarrollo, cuál es la respuesta de la tasa de empresarialidad ante contextos de desequilibrio, y de qué modo se ha comportado la tasa empresarialidad frente al óptimo en las regiones españolas. Tras de una serie de hipótesis, hemos construido un modelo de dos ecuaciones estimado con datos provinciales del periodo 1998-2002. A partir del mismo hemos constatado la existencia de: una relación inicialmente decreciente y después creciente entre el nivel de desarrollo y la tasa de equilibrio, un mecanismo automático de ajuste ante situaciones de desequilibrio en la tasa de empresarialidad, y un comportamiento muy heterogéneo en la evolución de

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

    Volume (Year): 31 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 2 Year 2004 (December)
    Pages: 207-225

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    Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:31:y:2004:i:2:p:207-225

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    Keywords: Tasa de empresarialidad; empresario; desarrollo económico; regiones; crecimiento económico.;

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    1. Stuart, Robert & Abetti, Pier A., 1987. "Start-up ventures: Towards the prediction of initial success," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 215-230.
    2. Niels Bosma & Gerrit de Wit & Martin Carree, 2003. "Modelling Entrepreneurship," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 03-014/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. Audretsch, David B, et al, 2002. "Impeded Industrial Restructuring: The Growth Penalty," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 81-97.
    4. Niels Bosma & Sander Wennekers & F. Stam, 2010. "Intrapreneurship - An international study," Scales Research Reports H201005, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    5. Audretsch, David B. & Carree, Martin A. & van Stel, André J. & Thurik, A. Roy, 2000. "Impeded industrial restructuring : the growth penalty," HWWA Discussion Papers 114, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    6. Cooper, Arnold C. & Willard, Gary E. & Woo, Carolyn Y., 1986. "Strategies of high performing new and small firms: A reexamination of the niche concept," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 247-260.
    7. Andr� van Stel & Roy Thurik & Ingrid Verheul & Lendert Baljeu, 2007. "The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Unemployment in Japan," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 07-080/3, Tinbergen Institute, revised 14 Jul 2008.
    8. Evans, David S & Leighton, Linda S, 1989. "Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(3), pages 519-35, June.
    9. Chandler, Gaylen N. & Hanks, Steven H., 1994. "Market attractiveness, resource-based capabilities, venture strategies, and venture performance," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 331-349, July.
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    Cited by:
    1. Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura & Antonio García-Tabuenca, 2008. "Innovative and creative entrepreneurship in Spain," Working Papers 07/08, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.


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