Transfer Fee Regulations and Player Development
AbstractThis paper studies the role of transfer fees in professional sports, where players can commit to binding long-term contracts. They cannot switch clubs before their contract expires unless the old club agrees to let them go; the transfer fee is the price of that agreement. Transfer fees have been defended as a necessary incentive for clubs to invest in training their young players. The apparent absence of significant training costs (compared to the level of transfer fees) has undermined this defense. We present a model without training where an industry of clubs with heterogeneous marginal revenue products for player ability and a population of players with various levels of talent and experience match. Transfer fees are needed to allocate scarce playing opportunities efficiently among players of different levels of known and potential ability. We show that total surplus is lower without transfer fees because playing time gets reallocated towards older players with less upside potential. The resulting increase in player salaries exceeds the transfer fee costs for each level of ability. (JEL: J31, J41, K12, L83) (c) 2006 by the European Economic Association.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by MIT Press in its journal Journal of the European Economic Association.
Volume (Year): 4 (2006)
Issue (Month): 5 (09)
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
- K12 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Contract Law
- L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Recreation; Tourism
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- Feess, Eberhard & Gerfin, Michael & Muehlheusser, Gerd, 2008.
"Contracts as Rent Seeking Devices: Evidence from German Soccer,"
IZA Discussion Papers
3834, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Eberhard Feess & Michael Gerfin & Gerd Muehlheusser, 2010. "Contracts as Rent-Seeking Devices: Evidence from German Soccer," Diskussionsschriften dp1015, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
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