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Regional Variations in Public Service Outcomes: The Impact of Policy Divergence in England, Scotland and Wales

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  • Rhys Andrews
  • Steve Martin
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    Abstract

    Andrews R. and Martin S. Regional variations in public service outcomes: the impact of policy divergence in England, Scotland and Wales, Regional Studies. Analysis of statutory performance indicators reveals statistically significant differences between public service outcomes in England, Scotland, and Wales, even when controlling for other relevant variables. The most significant variations are in hospital waiting times and school examination results. Since health and education are the two largest services for which devolved administrations in Scotland and Wales now have direct responsibility, it is likely that these differences are attributable, at least in part, to policy divergence in the three countries since devolution in 1999. These variations, therefore, have implications for assessments of the impacts of devolution and public service reform strategies. [image omitted] Andrews R. et Martin S. La variation regionale des resultats des services publics: l'impact de la divergence entre les politiques menees en Angleterre, en Ecosse et au Pays de Galles, Regional Studies. Une analyse du tableau de bord officiel laisse voir statistiquemment d'importantes variations des resultats des services publics en Angleterre, en Ecosse et au Pays de Galles, tout en tenant compte d'autres variables pertinentes. Les variations les plus importantes concernent le delai d'attente a l'hopital et les resultats aux examens. Etant donne que la sante et l'education sont les deux services les plus grands, dont la responsabilite releve directemment des administrations regionalisees en Ecosse et au Pays de Galles, il est plus probable que ces variations s'expliquent, du moins en partie, par la divergence de politique dans les trois pays depuis la regionalisation en 1999. Par la suite, ces variations ont des implications quant a l'evaluation des impacts de la regionalisaton et pour les strategies visant la reforme des services publics. Resultats des services publics Variations geographiques Regionalisation du R-U Andrews R. und Martin S. Regionale Abweichungen bei den Ergebnissen offentlicher Dienstleistungen: die Auswirkung politischer Divergenz in England, Schottland und Wales, Regional Studies. Bei einer Analyse der gesetzlichen Leistungsindikatoren zeigen sich statistisch signifikante Unterschiede hinsichtlich der Ergebnisse der offentlichen Dienstleistungen in England, Schottland und Wales, selbst wenn man auf andere relevante Variable kontrolliert. Die wichtigsten Schwankungen finden sich bei den Wartezeiten von Krankenhausern sowie bei den Prufungsergebnissen in Schulen. Da es sich bei Gesundheit und Bildung um die beiden umfangreichsten Dienstleistungen handelt, fur die die Verwaltungen in Schottland und Wales seit der Dezentralisierung von 1999 zustandig sind, ist es wahrscheinlich, dass diese Unterschiede zumindest teilweise auf divergierende Politiken in den drei Landern zuruckzufuhren sind. Diese Abweichungen wirken sich somit auf die Bewertung der Auswirkungen der Strategien zur Dezentralisierung und zur Reform des offentlichen Dienstes aus. Ergebnisse bei offentlichen Dienstleistungen Raumliche Abweichungen Dezentralisierung in Grossbritannien Andrews R. y Martin S. Variaciones regionales en resultados de servicios publicos: el efecto de la divergencia politica en Inglaterra, Escocia y Gales, Regional Studies. En el analisis de los indicadores legales sobre el rendimiento se muestran diferencias estadisticamente significativas entre los resultados del servicio publico en Inglaterra, Escocia y Gales, incluso cuando estan controlados por otras variables relevantes. Las variaciones mas significativas se observan en los tiempos de espera de hospitales y los resultados de los examenes escolares. Dado que la salud y la educacion son los dos servicios mas importantes en los que los gobiernos descentralizados de Escocia y Gales tienen ahora una responsabilidad directa, es probable que estas diferencias se deban como minimo en parte a la divergencia de politicas en los tres paises desde la transferencia de competencias en 1999. Por consiguiente, estas variaciones influyen en las valoraciones sobre los efectos de la descentralizacion y en las estrategias de reforma en los servicios publicos. Resultados de servicios publicos Variaciones espaciales Transferencia de competencias en el RU

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 919-934

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:8:p:919-934

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    Keywords: Public service outcomes; Spatial variations; UK devolution;

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