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Entrepreneurship and Regional Culture: The Case of Hamamatsu and Kyoto, Japan

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  • Yuko Aoyama
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    Abstract

    Aoyama Y. Entrepreneurship and regional culture: the case of Hamamatsu and Kyoto, Japan, Regional Studies. Successful entrepreneurship today must respond to the demands from global market forces. Yet, simultaneously, entrepreneurs must also respond to local social contexts, shaped by historical and regional economic conditions. This paper illustrates how regional culture plays an important role in shaping entrepreneurship, even in a new economic sector. By taking two 'entrepreneurial regions' of Japan, Hamamatsu and Kyoto, it is shown how historical legacy and lead firms strongly influence business practices of information technology entrepreneurs. Results of this qualitative research show how entrepreneurship is an integral aspect of evolving and complex regional systems. [image omitted] Aoyama Y. L'esprit d'entreprise et la culture regionale: etudes de cas de Hamamatsu et Kyoto, au Japon, Regional Studies. De nos jours, un esprit d'entreprise reussi doit repondre aux forces du marche mondial. Neanmoins, les entrepreneurs doivent repondre simultanement aux contextes sociaux locaux determines par des conditions historiques et regionales economiques. Cet article cherche a illustrer comment la culture regionale joue un role important dans le developpement de l'esprit d'entreprise, meme dans un nouveau secteur d'activite economique. A partir de deux 'regions entrepreneuriales' au Japon, a savoir Hamamatsu et Kyoto, on montre comment le legs historique et les entreprises de pointe influent fortement sur les usages commerciaux des entrepreneurs en informatique. Les resultats de la recherche qualitative montrent comment l'esprit d'entreprise constitue une partie integrante des systemes regionaux complexes en pleine evolution. Esprit d'entreprise Perspectives regionales Kyoto Hamamatsu Japon Aoyama Y. Unternehmertum und Regionalkultur: der Fall von Hamamatsu und Kyoto in Japan, Regional Studies. Ein erfolgreicher Unternehmer muss heute auf die Bedurfnisse der globalen Marktkrafte eingehen. Gleichzeitig muss er jedoch auch die lokalen gesellschaftlichen Kontexte berucksichtigen, die durch geschichtliche und regionale Wirtschaftsbedingungen gepragt werden. In diesem Beitrag illustriere ich, wie die Regionalkultur selbst in einem neuen Wirtschaftssektor eine wichtige Rolle bei der Pragung des Unternehmertums spielt. Anhand von zwei 'Unternehmensregionen' in Japan - Hamamatsu und Kyoto - zeige ich auf, wie das geschichtliche Erbe und fuhrende Firmen einen starken Einfluss auf die Geschaftspraktiken von Unternehmern im Bereich der Informationstechnik (IT) ausuben. Aus den Ergebnissen meiner qualitativen Forschung geht hervor, dass das Unternehmertum einen wesentlichen Aspekt von sich entwickelnden komplexen Regionalsystemen darstellt. Unternehmertum Regionale Dimensionen Kyoto Hamamatsu Japan Aoyama Y. Empresariado y cultura regional: el caso de Hamamatsu y Kyoto, Japon, Regional Studies. Un empresario con exito debe responder hoy a las demandas de las fuerzas del mercado global. Sin embargo, los empresarios tambien deben responder a la vez a los contextos sociales a nivel local determinados por condiciones historicas y economicas regionales. En este articulo ilustro de que modo la cultura regional desempena un importante papel a la hora de formar el empresariado incluso en un nuevo sector economico. Comparando dos 'regiones empresariales' de Japon, Hamamatsu y Kyoto, demuestro como el legado historico y las empresas lideres tienen una gran influencia en las practicas comerciales de los empresarios en el sector de la tecnologia de la informacion (TI). Los resultados de mi estudio cualitativo demuestran que el empresariado representa un aspecto integral de sistemas regionales complejos y dinamicos. Empresariado Dimensiones regionales Kyoto Hamamatsu Japon

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 495-512

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:3:p:495-512

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    Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Regional dimensions; Kyoto; Hamamatsu; Japan;

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    Cited by:
    1. Michael Fritsch & Michael Wyrwich, 2012. "The Long Persistence of Regional Entrepreneurship Culture: Germany 1925 - 2005," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1224, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Isidoro Romero & Raluca Mariana Petrescu & Alina Elena Balalia (Iosif), 2011. "Universities as Suppliers of Entrepreneurship Education Services. The Cases of The University of Seville and The Academy of Economic Studies in Bucharest," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 13(30), pages 347-361, June.
    3. Michael Wyrwich, 2010. "Regional Entrepreneurial Heritage in a Socialist and a Post-Socialist Economy," DRUID Working Papers 10-20, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    4. Frank Lasch & Frank Robert & Frédéric Roy, 2013. "Regional determinants of ICT new firm formation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 671-686, April.
    5. Franz Kronthaler & Katharina Becker & Kerstin Wagner, 2012. "Combination of regional characteristics for start-up activity in Switzerland," ERSA conference papers ersa12p90, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Andrew Ross, 2011. "Regional Determinants of Entrepreneurship in a Small Economy: Panel Data Evidence from Scotland," ERSA conference papers ersa11p848, European Regional Science Association.

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