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Migration and Skills Disparities across the Canadian Provinces

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  • Serge Coulombe
  • Jean-Francois Tremblay

Abstract

Coulombe S. and Tremblay J.-F. Migration and skills disparities across the Canadian provinces, Regional Studies. This paper compares the skill intensity and schooling of the international immigrant, interprovincial migrant and Canadian-born population using data constructed from the 2003 International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey (IALSS). On average, international immigrants to Canada have more years of schooling but a lower skill level than the Canadian-born population. The mean skill deficiency of the foreign-born population corresponds to three years of formal education in Canada. Interprovincial migrants typically have a higher skill intensity than the Canadian-born non-migrant population. It is shown that international immigration tends to reduce provincial disparities whereas interprovincial migration tends to increase them. The first effect dominates. [image omitted] Coulombe S. et Tremblay J.-F. Migration et disparites de competences entre les provinces canadiennes, Regional Studies. Nous comparons l'intensite en competences et la scolarite des immigrants internationaux, des migrants interprovinciaux et de la population nee au Canada en utilisant des donnees construites a partir de l'Enquete internationale sur l'alphabetisation et les competences des adultes de 2003. En moyenne, les immigrants internationaux au Canada ont davantage d'annees de scolarite mais un niveau plus faible de competences que la population nee au Canada. La deficience moyenne de competences de la population nee a l'etranger correspond a trois annees d'education formelle au Canada. Les immigrants interprovinciaux ont typiquement une intensite en competences plus elevee que la population non-migrante nee au Canada. Nous demontrons que l'immigration internationale tend a reduire les disparites interprovinciales alors que la migration interprovinciale tend a les augmenter. Le premier effet domine. Immigration internationale Fuite de cerveaux Capital humain Migration interprovinciale Disparites provinciales Intensite en competences Coulombe S. und Tremblay J.-F. Migration und Qualifikationsdisparitaten in den kanadischen Provinzen, Regional Studies. Wir vergleichen die Intensitat der Qualifikation und Schulausbildung von internationalen Immigranten, interprovinziellen Migranten und in Kanada geborenen Einwohnern anhand von Daten, die aus dem International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey von 2003 konstruiert wurden. Im Durchschnitt haben internationale Immigranten in Kanada mehr Jahre Schulausbildung, aber ein niedrigeres Qualifikationsniveau als die in Kanada geborene Bevolkerung. Der mittlere Qualifikationsmangel der im Ausland geborenen Bevolkerung entspricht einer dreijahrigen formellen Ausbildung in Kanada. Interprovinzielle Migranten verfugen in der Regel uber eine hohere Qualifikationsintensitat als die in Kanada geborene, nicht migrierende Bevolkerung. Wir zeigen, dass sich durch eine internationale Immigration die Disparitaten zwischen den Provinzen tendenziell verringern, wahrend sie sich durch eine interprovinzielle Migration tendenziell verstarken. Vorherrschend ist der erste Effekt. Internationale Immigration Abwanderung qualifizierter Fachkrafte Humankapital Interprovinzielle Migration Disparitaten zwischen Provinzen Intensitat der Qualifikation Coulombe S. y Tremblay J.-F. Migracion y desigualdades de formacion en diferentes provincias canadienses, Regional Studies. Comparamos la intensidad de la formacion y escolaridad entre inmigrantes internacionales, emigrantes interprovinciales y la poblacion nacida en Canada con ayuda de datos elaborados a partir del estudio International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey de 2003. De promedio, los inmigrantes internacionales en Canada tienen mas anos de escolaridad pero un menor nivel de cualificaciones que la poblacion nacida en Canada. La deficiencia media en la formacion entre la poblacion nacida en el extranjero corresponde a tres anos de educacion formal en Canada. Los emigrantes interprovinciales normalmente tienen un mayor nivel de cualificaciones que la poblacion no emigrante nacida en Canada. Aqui mostramos que la inmigracion internacional tiende a reducir las desigualdades entre las provincias mientras que la migracion interprovincial tiende a aumentarlas. Domina el primer efecto. Inmigracion internacional Fuga de cerebros Capital humano Migracion interprovincial Desigualdades entre provincias Nivel de cualificaciones

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 5-18

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:1:p:5-18

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Related research

Keywords: International immigration; Brain drain; Human capital; Interprovincial migration; Provincial disparities; Skill intensity;

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Cited by:
  1. Michel Beine & Frédéric Docquier & Caglar Özden, 2011. "Dissecting Network Externalities in International Migration," CREA Discussion Paper Series 11-09, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  2. Frederic DOCQUIER & Çaglar OZDEN & Giovanni PERI, 2010. "The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2010044, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  3. Serge Coulombe & Gilles Grenier & Serge Nadeau, 2012. "Human Capital Quality and the Immigrant Wage Gap," Working Papers 1212E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  4. Assaf Razin & Jackline Wahba, 2012. "Welfare Magnet Hypothesis, Fiscal Burden and Immigration Skill Selectivity," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2012036, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
  5. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2011. "Globalization, Brain Drain and Development," Working Papers 2011-18, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics.
  6. Michel Beine & Serge Coulombe & Wessel N. Vermeulen, 2012. "Dutch Disease and the Mitigation Effect of Migration: Evidence from Canadian Provinces," CESifo Working Paper Series 3813, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Michel Beine & Serge Coulombe, 2014. "Immmigration and Internal Mobility in Canada," CESifo Working Paper Series 4823, CESifo Group Munich.
  8. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2009. "Documenting the Brain Drain of "La Crème de la Crème"," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 229(6), pages 679-705, December.
  9. Frédéric DOCQUIER & Joël MACHADO & Khalid SEKKAT, 2012. "Efficiency gains from liberalizing labor mobility," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2012023, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  10. Serge Coulombe & Gilles Grenier & Serge Nadeau, 2011. "Quality of Work Experience and Economic Development—Estimates using Canadian Immigrant Data," Working Papers 1109E, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
  11. Elisabeta JABA & Alina Mariuca IONESCU & Corneliu IATU & Christiana Brigitte BALAN, 2009. "The Evaluation Of The Regional Profile Of The Economic Development In Romania," Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" din Iasi - Stiinte Economice, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 56, pages 537-549, November.
  12. Serge Coulombe & Jean-Francois Tremblay, 2009. "Education, Productivity and Economic Growth: A Selective Review of the Evidence," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 18, pages 3-24, Spring.

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