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Human Capital Accumulation and Geography: Empirical Evidence from the European Union

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  • Jesus Lopez-Rodriguez
  • J. Andres Faina
  • Jose Lopez-Rodriguez

Abstract

Lopez-Rodriguez J., Faina J. A. and Lopez-Rodriguez J. (2007) Human capital accumulation and geography: empirical evidence from the European Union. Regional Studies 41, 217-234. This paper evaluates the role that geography plays in determining the spatial distribution of educational attainment levels among European Union regions, based on an extension of the standard two-sector (agriculture and manufacturing) Fujita et al. (1999) economic geography model. The present paper provides evidence that, in the European Union, educational attainment levels are higher in those regions with greater market access. This finding corroborates the theoretical predictions of the model and proves that remoteness is a penalty for the economic development and convergence of the European Union regions. Lopez-Rodriguez J., Faina J. A. et Lopez-Rodriguez J. (2007) L'accroissement du capital humain et la geographie: des preuves empiriques de l'Union europeenne. Regional Studies 41, 217-234. A partir d'une extension du modele economico-geographique type a deux secteurs (a savoir l'agriculture et l'industrie manufacturiere) d'apres Fujita et al. (1999), cet article cherche a evaluer le role que joue la geographie dans la determination de la distribution geographique du niveau scolaire a travers les regions de l'Union europeenne. Il en resulte que, au sein de l'Union europeenne, le niveau scolaire est superieur dans les regions ou l'acces au marche est plus facile. Ces resultats confirment les previsions theoriques du modele et prouvent que l'isolement penalise le developpement economique et la convergence des regions de l'Union europeenne. Developpement economique Geographie economique Structure geographique Capital humain Acces au marche Lopez-Rodriguez J., Faina J. A. und Lopez-Rodriguez J. (2007) Konzentration von Humankapital und Geografie: empirische Belege in der Europaischen Union. Regional Studies 41, 217-234. In diesem Beitrag wird untersucht, welche Rolle die Geografie bei der Pragung der raumlichen Verteilung hinsichtlich der Erzielung von Bildungsabschlussen innerhalb der Regionen der Europaischen Union spielt, ausgehend von einer Erweiterung des wirtschaftsgeografischen Standardmodells mit zwei Sektoren (Landwirtschaft und Produktion) nach Fujita et al. (1999). Wir liefern Belege dafur, dass das Niveau der Bildungsabschlusse innerhalb der Europaischen Union in Regionen mit starkerem Marktzugang hoher ausfallt. Dieses Ergebnis bestatigt die theoretischen Prognosen des Modells und beweist, dass eine abgelegene Lage ein Hindernis bei der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung und Konvergenz der EU-Regionen darstellt. Wirtschaftsentwicklung Wirtschaftsgeografie Raumliche Struktur Humankapital Marktzugang Lopez-Rodriguez J., Faina J. A. y Lopez-Rodriguez J. (2007) La acumulacion de capital humano y la geografia: prueba empirica en la Union Europea. Regional Studies 41, 217-234. En este ensayo analizamos el papel que desempena la geografia a la hora de determinar la distribucion espacial de los niveles de educacion entre las regiones de la Union Europea, basandonos en una extension del modelo estandar de una geografia economica de dos sectores (agricultura y fabricacion) segun Fujita et al. (1999). Demostramos que en la Union Europea, los niveles educativos son superiores en las regiones con un mayor acceso al mercado. Estos resultados corroboran las predicciones teoreticas del modelo y demuestran que la distancia es un obstaculo para el desarrollo economico y la convergencia de las regiones de la Union Europea. Desarrollo economico Geografia economica Estructura espacial Capital humano Acceso al mercado

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 41 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 217-234

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:2:p:217-234

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Related research

Keywords: Economic development; Economic geography; Spatial structure; Human capital; Market access;

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Cited by:
  1. Enrique López-Bazo & Burhan Can Karahasan, 2011. "The Spatial Distribution of Human Capital: Can It Really Be Explained by Regional Differences in Market Access?," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1122, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Rafael Alvarado & Miguel Atienza, 2014. "The role of market access and human capital in regional wage disparities: Empirical evidence for Ecuador," Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional 52, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2014.
  3. Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond & José Luis Roig, 2013. "How market access shapes human capital investment in a peripheral country," Working Papers XREAP2013-06, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Oct 2013.
  4. Julian Hinz, 2012. "The economic geography of Europe and the role of regional policy," Post-Print dumas-00802143, HAL.
  5. Georgios Fotopoulos, 2012. "Nonlinearities in regional economic growth and convergence: the role of entrepreneurship in the European union regions," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 48(3), pages 719-741, June.

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