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Poverty And Income Maintenance In Old Age: A Cross-National View Of Low Income Older Women / Growing Old In The Us: Gender And Income Adequacy / Gender And Aging In South Korea

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Author Info

  • Agneta Stark
  • Nancy Folbre
  • Lois Shaw
  • Timothy Smeeding
  • Susanna Sandstrom
  • Lois Shaw
  • Sunhwa Lee
  • Kyunghee Chung

Abstract

The contributions in this Explorations section reveal differences across countries in the support systems of the elderly and shows that poverty among the elderly has not been eliminated, even in rich countries. Social insurance systems with an adequate minimum benefit do the best job of avoiding poverty among elderly women. Poverty rates among older women are much higher than for older men and much higher in the US compared to other nations in the Luxembourg Income Study. Most nonmarried elderly women in the US live alone and are heavily dependent on Social Security, while in the Republic of Korea the majority of elderly women live with children. Families provide most of the support for elderly in the Republic of Korea, including financial support and daily care when needed.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Feminist Economics.

Volume (Year): 11 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 163-197

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Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:11:y:2005:i:2:p:163-197

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Related research

Keywords: Poverty; income maintenance; cross-national; social insurance; Social Security; pensions; retirement; income adequacy; gender differences; living arrangements;

References

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  1. Coile, Courtney & Diamond, Peter & Gruber, Jonathan & Jousten, Alain, 2002. "Delays in claiming social security benefits," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(3), pages 357-385, June.
  2. Kathleen McGarry, 2000. "Guaranteed Income: SSI and the Well-Being of the Elderly Poor," NBER Working Papers 7574, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. A Bjorklund & Richard Freeman, 1995. "Generating Equality and Eliminating Poverty the Swedish Way," CEP Discussion Papers dp0228, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Jonathan Gruber & David Wise, 2001. "An International Perspective on Policies for an Aging Society," NBER Working Papers 8103, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Paul S. Davies & Melissa M. Favreault, 2004. "Interactions Between Social Security Reform and the Supplemental Security Income Program for the Age," Working Papers, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College wp2004-02, Center for Retirement Research, revised Feb 2004.
  6. Janet Currie, 2004. "The Take Up of Social Benefits," NBER Working Papers 10488, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. David Card & Richard B. Freeman, 1993. "Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number card93-1, July.
  8. Richard V. Burkhauser & Mary C. Daly, 2003. "Left behind: SSI in the era of welfare reform," Working Paper Series 2003-12, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  9. Alicia H. Munnell, 2004. "Why Are So Many Older Women Poor?," Just the Facts jtf_10, Center for Retirement Research.
  10. Madonna Harrington Meyer & Douglas Wolf & Christine Himes, 2005. "Linking Benefits To Marital Status: Race And Social Security In The Us," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(2), pages 145-162.
  11. Gary V. Engelhardt & Jonathan Gruber, 2004. "Social Security and the Evolution of Elderly Poverty," NBER Working Papers 10466, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Robert Erikson & John H. Goldthorpe, 2002. "Intergenerational Inequality: A Sociological Perspective," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(3), pages 31-44, Summer.
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Cited by:
  1. Kevin Milligan, 2007. "The Evolution of Elderly Poverty in Canada," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 170, McMaster University.

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