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Small Differences That Matter

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  • Card, David
  • Freeman, Richard B.

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Abstract

This volume, the first in a new series by the National Bureau of Economic Research that compares labor markets in different countries, examines social and labor market policies in Canada and the United States during the 1980s. It shows that subtle differences in unemployment compensation, unionization, immigration policies, and income maintenance programs have significantly affected economic outcomes in the two countries. For example: -Canada's social safety net, more generous than the American one, produced markedly lower poverty rates in the 1980s. -Canada saw a smaller increase in earnings inequality than the United States did, in part because of the strength of Canadian unions, which have twice the participation that U.S. unions do. -Canada's unemployment figures were much higher than those in the United States, not because the Canadian economy failed to create jobs but because a higher percentage of nonworking time was reported as unemployment. These disparities have become noteworthy as policy makers cite the experiences of the other country to support or oppose particular initiatives.

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Bibliographic Info

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This book is provided by University of Chicago Press in its series National Bureau of Economic Research Books with number 9780226092836 and published in 1993.

Edition: 1
ISBN: 9780226092836
Order: http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/isbn/9780226092836.html
Handle: RePEc:ucp:bknber:9780226092836

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Web page: http://press.uchicago.edu

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Cited by:
  1. Markus Knell, 1998. "Einkommensungleichheit und Wachstum," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 24(4), pages 443-474.
  2. Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn & Joan Y. Moriarty & Andre Portela Souza, 2002. "The Role of the Family in Immigrants' Labor-Market Activity: Evidence from the United States," NBER Working Papers 9051, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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