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The inventor’s role: was Schumpeter right?

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  • Pontus Braunerhjelm

    ()

  • Roger Svensson

    ()

Abstract

According to Schumpeter, the creative process of economic development can be divided into three distinguishable stages of invention, innovation (commercialization) and imitation. We show why there is a rationale for the Schumpeterian entrepreneur to also include the inventor in the innovation process. In addition, we provide a framework where the theories of Knight’s risk defining entrepreneur and Schumpeter’s innovative entrepreneur can be bridged. Merging the two enhances the possibilities of successful commercialization since the inventor may further adapt the innovation to customer needs, transmit information and reduce uncertainty. This serves to expand the market opportunities for the entrepreneur. The empirical analysis is based on a survey covering Swedish patents granted to individuals and small firms, with a response rate of 80 %. The results show improved commercialization performance when the patent is licensed or sold to an entrepreneur, or if the inventor is employed in an entrepreneurial firm, as compared to commercialization in the inventor’s own firm. Another important result is that, irrespective of commercialization mode, an active involvement of the inventor is shown to have a positive impact on performance.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00191-009-0157-5
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Evolutionary Economics.

Volume (Year): 20 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (June)
Pages: 413-444

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Handle: RePEc:spr:joevec:v:20:y:2010:i:3:p:413-444

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Web page: http://link.springer.de/link/service/journals/00191/index.htm

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Related research

Keywords: Entrepreneur; Inventor; Innovation; Commercialization; 031; 032; M13;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Braunerhjelm, Pontus & Henrekson, Magnus, 2013. "Entrepreneurship, Institutions and Economic Dynamism: Lessons from a Comparison of the United States and Sweden," Working Papers 2012:19, Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum.
  2. Gans , Joshua & Persson, Lars, 2013. "Entrepreneurial Commercialization Choices and the Interaction between IPR and Competition Policy," Working Papers 2012:16, Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum.
  3. Joern Block & Roy Thurik & Haibo Zhou, 2013. "What turns knowledge into innovative products? The role of entrepreneurship and knowledge spillovers," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 693-718, September.
  4. Bacache-Beauvallet, Maya & Bourreau, Marc & Moreau, François, 2011. "Portrait des musiciens à l'heure du numérique," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 22.
  5. Erika Farnstrand Damsgaard & Marie C. Thursby, 2012. "University Entrepreneurship and Professor Privilege," NBER Working Papers 17980, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Braunerhjelm, Pontus, 2010. "Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth – Past experiences, current knowledge and policy implications," Working Papers 2010:2, Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum.
  7. Zoltan Acs & David Audretsch & Erik Lehmann, 2013. "The knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 757-774, December.

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