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Decentralizing Lottery Allocations in Markets with Indivisible Commodities

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  • Garratt, Rod

Abstract

In economies with indivisible commodities, consumers tend to prefer lotteries in commodities. A potential mechanism for satisfying these preferences is unrestricted purchasing and selling of lotteries in decentralized markets, as suggested in Prescott and Townsend [Int. Econ. Rev. 25, 1-20]. However, this paper shows in several examples that such lottery equilibria do not always exist for economies with finitely many consumers. Other conditions are needed. In the examples, equilibrium and the associated welfare gains are realized if consumptions are bounded or if lotteries are based upon a common "sunspot device" as defined by Shell [mimeo, 1977] and Cass and Shell [J. Pol. Econ. 91, 193-227]. The paper shows that any lottery equilibrium is either a Walrasian equilibrium or a sunspot equilibrium, but there are Walrasian and sunspot equilibria that are not lottery equilibria.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Economic Theory.

Volume (Year): 5 (1995)
Issue (Month): 2 (March)
Pages: 295-313

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Handle: RePEc:spr:joecth:v:5:y:1995:i:2:p:295-313

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Cited by:
  1. Rod Garratt & Todd Keister & Karl Shell, 2004. "Comparing Sunspot Equilibrium And Lottery Equilibrium Allocations: The Finite Case," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 45(2), pages 351-386, 05.
  2. Prescott, Edward & Shell, Karl, 2002. "Introduction to Sunspots and Lotteries," Working Papers 02-08, Cornell University, Center for Analytic Economics.
  3. Koshevoy, Gleb A. & Talman, Dolf, 2006. "Competitive equilibria in economies with multiple indivisible and multiple divisible commodities," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 216-226, April.
  4. Laan, G. van der & Talman, A.J.J. & Yang, Z.F., 2002. "Existence and welfare properties of equilibrium in an exchange economy with multiple divisible and indivisible commodities and linear production," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-89376, Tilburg University.
  5. Bennardo, Alberto & Piccolo, Salvatore, 2005. "Competitive Markets with Endogenous Health Risks," CEPR Discussion Papers 5385, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Koshevoy, G.A. & Talman, A.J.J., 2006. "Competitive Equilibria in Economies with Multiple Divisible and Indivisible Commodities and No Money," Discussion Paper 2006-51, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  7. Timothy J. Kehoe & David K. Levine & Edward Prescott, 2000. "Lotteries, Sunspots and Incentive Constraints," Levine's Working Paper Archive 1974, David K. Levine.
  8. Garratt, Rod & Keister, Todd, 2002. "A Characterization of Robust Sunspot Equilibria," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 107(1), pages 136-144, November.
  9. van der Laan, Gerard & Talman, Dolf & Yang, Zaifu, 2002. "Existence and Welfare Properties of Equilibrium in an Exchange Economy with Multiple Divisible and Indivisible Commodities and Linear Production Technologies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 103(2), pages 411-428, April.
  10. Garratt, Rod & Keister, Todd & Qin, Cheng-Zhong & Shell, Karl, 2002. "Equilibrium Prices When the Sunspot Variable Is Continuous," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 107(1), pages 11-38, November.
  11. Alberto Bennardo & Salvatore Piccolo, 2005. "Competitive occupational choices with endogenous health risks," Levine's Working Paper Archive 784828000000000199, David K. Levine.
  12. repec:fth:calaec:12-99 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. James Peck, 1995. "Competition in Transactions Mechanisms: The Emergence of Price Competition," Working Papers 022, Ohio State University, Department of Economics.
  14. Garratt, Rod & Qin, Cheng-Zhong, 1997. "On a Market for Coalitions with Indivisible Agents and Lotteries," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 81-101, November.
  15. Jinpeng Ma & Fusheng Nie, 2002. "Walrasian Equilibrium in an Exchange Economy with Indivisibilities," Departmental Working Papers 200207, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.

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