Emissions trading: Impact on electricity prices and energy-intensive industries
AbstractThe EU-wide Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), established in 2005, is a key pillar of Europeâs strategy to attain compliance with the Kyoto Protocol. Under this scheme, CO2 allowances have thus far been allocated largely free of charge. This paper demonstrates that such cost-free allocation, commonly called grandfathering, implies an increase in electricity prices even when strong competition prevails on electricity markets.As our estimations for Germanyâs power sector show, these price increases result in substantial windfall profits, giving rise to public skepticism and calls for an auctioning of certificates in the future.While empirical evidence on the ETSâ impacts is scant, the findings reviewed here indicate that even in the absence of certificate auctioning, energy-intensive industry sectors, such as primary aluminum production, may suffer heavily from the ETS-induced electricity price increases.We therefore argue that an abrupt transition to a complete auctioning system may endanger the competitive position of energy-intensive industries in Europe, unless all other major industrial and transition countries are integrated into a global emissions trading system.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Springer in its journal Intereconomics.
Volume (Year): 47 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (March)
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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=113472
Other versions of this item:
- Manuel Frondel & Christoph M. Schmidt & Colin Vance, 2008. "Emissions Trading: Impact on Electricity Prices and Energy-Intensive Industries," Ruhr Economic Papers 0081, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
- Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
- Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
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