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Le secteur public : moteur de croissance ou obstruction à l’industrie?

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  • Dudley, Leonard

    (C.R.D.E., Département de sciences économiques, Université de Montréal)

  • Montmarquette, Claude

    (C.R.D.E., Département de sciences économiques, Université de Montréal)

Abstract

Three commonly used measures of the impact of public spending yield conflicting results: one suggests that the public sector should be small, another that it should be large, and the third that it does not matter. Here, we avoid the problems of each approach by formulating a model in which the government maximizes output subject to a social contract that fixes the spending shares of public consumption and transfers. We find that public consumption has a positive effect and transfers a negative effect on output. The optimal size of the total public sector is about 25 percent of GDP. Trois mesures sont proposées dans la littérature récente pour évaluer l’impact des dépenses gouvernementales sur la croissance économique : premièrement, la croissance du revenu per capita est régressée sur la taille relative du secteur public, deuxièmement, la croissance du PIB est régressée sur le taux de croissance de la consommation publique et, enfin, on a effectué des tests de causalité à la Granger entre les dépenses publiques passées et l’output courant. Les trois mesures fournissent des conclusions contradictoires : l’une suggère que le secteur public devrait être réduit, l’autre qu’il devrait être important et, la dernière, que cela n’a pas d’importance. Dans cet article, nous contournons les problèmes reliés à chacune de ces approches en considérant un modèle dans lequel le gouvernement maximise l’output sous la contrainte d’un contrat social qui fixe les parts des dépenses de consommation publique et des transferts. Nous trouvons que la consommation publique a un effet positif et les transferts un effet négatif sur la productivité totale des facteurs. Si les transferts sont contraints de représenter la moitié du secteur public, la taille optimale de l’ensemble du secteur public est d’environ 25 % du PIB.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 75 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 (mars-juin-septembre)
Pages: 357-377

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:75:y:1999:i:1:p:357-377

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  1. William Easterly & Sergio Rebelo, 1993. "Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 4499, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Levine, Ross & Renelt, David, 1992. "A Sensitivity Analysis of Cross-Country Growth Regressions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 942-63, September.
  3. Ram, Rati, 1987. "Exports and Economic Growth in Developing Countries: Evidence from Time-Series and Cross-Section Data," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36(1), pages 51-72, October.
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  9. Dudley, L. & Montmarquette, C., 1990. "Is Public Spending Determined by Voter Choice Or Fiscal Capacity?," Cahiers de recherche 9032, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  10. Barro, R.J., 1989. "Economic Growth In A Cross Section Of Countries," RCER Working Papers 201, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  11. Ram, Rati, 1986. "Government Size and Economic Growth: A New Framework and Some Evidencefrom Cross-Section and Time-Series Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 191-203, March.
  12. James Kau & Paul Rubin, 1981. "The size of government," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 37(2), pages 261-274, January.
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  14. Conte, Michael A & Darrat, Ali F, 1988. "Economic Growth and the Expanding Public Sector: A Reexamination," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 322-30, May.
  15. Barro, Robert J., 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogeneous Growth," Scholarly Articles 3451296, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  16. Mueller,Dennis C., 2003. "Public Choice III," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521894753, October.
  17. J. A. Hausman, 1976. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Working papers 185, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  18. Aschauer, David Alan, 1989. "Is public expenditure productive?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 177-200, March.
  19. Mofidi, Alaeddin & Stone, Joe A, 1990. "Do State and Local Taxes Affect Economic Growth?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(4), pages 686-91, November.
  20. Jim Love, 1994. "Engines of Growth—The Export and Government Sectors," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(2), pages 203-218, 03.
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  22. Feder, Gershon, 1983. "On exports and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1-2), pages 59-73.
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