Fonctions de production représentatives de fonctions à complémentarité stricte
AbstractIn this paper, we analyse production function with complementary factors for the case of heterogenous firms. As an illustration, we restrict ourselves to the two factors case and we consider the functions: yi= Min (a1ix1i , a2ix2i), where the technical coefficients vary with the form. Then it is natural to introduce the representative function : y = g (x1, x2 ) = Min (a1x1, a2x2 ), where the average is taken with respect to the technical coefficients. We first characterize the functions which may be interpreted as representative and discuss the possibility to identify the heterogeneity distribution π from the representative production function g. These results are applied to the CES functions. Finally we discuss the notion of more or less heterogenous distribution, we examine how they are linked to heterogenity biases on the substitution coefficients and we use the obtained family of production technologies to introduce an ordering on the distributions of inputs in terms of technical efficiency. Dans cet article, nous analysons des fonctions de production à complémentarité stricte dans le cas d’entreprises hétérogènes. Nous restreignant pour simplifier au cas de deux facteurs, nous avons: yi= Min (a1ix1i , a2ix2i), où les coefficients techniques a1i a2i dépendent de l’entreprise i considérée. Il est alors naturel d’introduire la fonction de production moyenne (ou représentative) définie par : y = g (x1, x2 ) = Min (a1x1, a2x2 ), où la moyenne est prise sur les coefficients techniques.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.
Volume (Year): 64 (1988)
Issue (Month): 2 (juin)
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