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Transiciones socioecológicas en la región andina

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  • Fander Falconí

    ()
    (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales Sede Ecuador)

  • María Cristina Vallejo

    ()
    (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales Sede Ecuador)

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    Abstract

    El propósito de este documento es identificar los determinantes claves para lograr ―transiciones socioecológicas‖ en la región andina. Se analizan de manera integrada las interacciones entre los aspectos de eficiencia económica, distribución del ingreso y sustentabilidad física mediante un conjunto de indicadores que se compilan para el período 1970-2010. La evolución histórica de la región permite concluir que estas economías no han logrado desprenderse de las trampas de la especialización y la dependencia que las caracterizan. Una progresiva reprimarización y especialización en el sector no renovable, alentada por la reciente evolución favorable de los términos del intercambio, componen una estrategia insostenible en el largo plazo. Estos procesos intensifican las presiones ambientales y profundizan las inequidades, pues, las perspectivas de crecimiento económico son limitadas por la capacidad de carga del ecosistema. Por esto se argumenta que la superación de las trampas de especialización y la ruptura de tales problemas estructurales conlleva una nueva forma de concebir las políticas públicas. El argumento central de este artículo es que la atención en los aspectos productivos y distributivos no es suficiente para una transición hacia economías sustentables. Es necesario integrar a esos dos factores los límites sociales y ambientales que condicionan la escala del crecimiento y la redistribución.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica in its journal Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2012)
    Issue (Month): (Abril)
    Pages: 53-71

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    Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev18_04

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    Postal: Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Edifici C, Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
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    Related research

    Keywords: Transición socioecológica; Decrecimiento económico; Post extractivismo; Sustentabilidad fuerte; Región andina.;

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    References

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    1. Daly, Herman E., 1990. "Toward some operational principles of sustainable development," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 1-6, April.
    2. Selden Thomas M. & Song Daqing, 1994. "Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 147-162, September.
    3. Grossman, G.M & Krueger, A.B., 1991. "Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement," Papers 158, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
    4. Krausmann, Fridolin & Gingrich, Simone & Eisenmenger, Nina & Erb, Karl-Heinz & Haberl, Helmut & Fischer-Kowalski, Marina, 2009. "Growth in global materials use, GDP and population during the 20th century," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(10), pages 2696-2705, August.
    5. Dos Santos, Theotonio, 1970. "The Structure of Dependence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(2), pages 231-36, May.
    6. Heinz Schandl & Marina Fischer-Kowalski & Clemens Grunbuhel & Fridolin Krausmann, 2008. "Socio-metabolic Transitions in Developing Asia," Socio-Economics and the Environment in Discussion (SEED) Working Paper Series 2008-05, CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems.
    7. Vallejo, Maria Cristina, 2010. "Biophysical structure of the Ecuadorian economy, foreign trade, and policy implications," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(2), pages 159-169, December.
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