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Auf der Flucht? Tarifaustritte und die Rolle von Oeffnungsklauseln (Escape from Collective Bargaining? Exits and the Influence of Opening Clauses)


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  • Peter Ellguth
  • Susanne Kohaut
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    Ein wesentlicher Faktor, der die Veraenderungen im bundesdeutschen System industrieller Beziehungen ausmacht, ist die Erosion der Branchentarifbindung. In dem Beitrag wird analysiert, welche betrieblichen Umstaende die Entscheidung gegen eine weitere Tarifbindung befoerdern. Dabei interessiert insbesondere die Rolle, die der Einsatz von OEffnungsklauseln fuer diese Entscheidung spielt. Die Daten des IAB-Betriebspanels zeigen, dass es sich in den letzten Jahren weniger um eine massenhafte Flucht als vielmehr um einen Austausch von Betrieben, die den Branchentarif verlassen, und solchen, die eintreten, handelt. In multivariaten Analysen finden sich nur wenige Hinweise auf Faktoren, die die Austrittswahrscheinlichkeit erhoehen. Insbesondere finden die zentralen Argumente, die gegen den Branchentarif vorgebracht werden, keine Bestaetigung. In Matching-Modellen wird darueber hinaus der Einfluss von OEffnungsklauseln auf den Austritt aus dem Branchentarif untersucht. Hier kann keine daempfende Wirkung von OEffnungsklauseln nachgewiesen werden. Die Ergebnisse weisen auf eine betriebliche Praxis im Umgang mit tariflichen OEffnungsklauseln hin, die sich nicht (mehr) als alternative Entscheidung gegen eine weitere Flaechentarifbindung darstellt. (An important factor describing the change in the German system of industrial relations is the erosion of industry level collective bargaining. We analyze the circumstances determining the decision to leave a collective agreement, hereby taking special interest in the role opening clauses play. Results of the IAB-establishment-panel show that in recent years it is less a ‘mass exodus’ than an exchange of firms entering and leaving an industry-level collective agreement. In multivariate analyses we find little evidence of factors increasing the probability of a firm to leave an employer association. In particular, the key arguments against collective agreements are not supported by our findings. Regarding the importance of opening clauses in this context we investigate their influence on the exit decision using a matching approach but find they exert no restraining influence. Our results indicate that opening clauses do not (any longer) influence firms’ decisions to remain within industry collective agreements.)

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Rainer Hampp Verlag in its journal Industrielle Beziehungen.

    Volume (Year): 17 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 345-371

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    Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2010_04_ellguth

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    Postal: Rainer Hampp Verlag, Journals, Marktplatz 5, 86415 Mering, Germany. A subscripton is required to access pdf files. Pay per article is available at

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    Keywords: collective bargaining; exit decision; opening clauses; private economy;

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