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Gestion foncière des excédents azotés et marché implicite de droits à polluer : application aux élevages intensifs

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  • Dominique Vermersch
  • Pierre Rainelli
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    Abstract

    [fre] Gestion foncière des excédents azotés et marché implicite de droits à polluer : application aux . élevages intensifs par Pierre Rainelli et Dominique Vermersch . Un modèle d'économie publique est proposé pour analyser les pollutions provenant des élevages intensifs. En pratique, les mesures mises en œuvre relèvent d'une approche réglementaire avec une limitation de l'épandage du lisier à un niveau équivalant à 170 kg d'azote par hectare (Directive nitrates de 1991). Dans ces conditions, les producteurs maximisent leur profit sous cette contrainte. Il en résulte un marché des droits d'épandage entre exploitants disposant de terres et éleveurs ayant une trop forte densité animale. Une illustration empirique concernant la Bretagne est proposée. [eng] Agricultural Management of Nitrogen Surpluses and Implicit in Pollution Rights Market: . Application to Intensive Livestock Farming by Pierre Rainelli and Dominique Vermersch . The problem of pollution originating from intensive rearing is analysed through a general welfare economics model. The policy option chosen to avoid this situation relies chiefly on command and control measures, with a limited amount of livestock manure which can be applied to the land (170 kg of nitrogen in the 1991 EC directive). When the standards are defined, the producers will maximise their profit under this constraint. This leads to a market of manure spreading rights, between farmers having land available for spreading manure and farmers having a high disposal rate per unit of land. An empirical illustration concerning Brittany is presented.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 143 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 91-100

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_143_2_6008

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.6008
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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    1. Dan Rigby, 1997. "European Community Guidelines To Reduce Water Pollution By Nitrates From Agriculture: An Analysis Of Their Impact On Uk Dairy Farms," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(1-3), pages 71-82.
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