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Politiques de redistribution décentralisées et concurrence sociale

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  • Yvon Rocaboy

Abstract

[fre] Politiques de redistribution décentralisées et concurrence sociale par Yvon Rocaboy . L'objet de l'article est d'étudier la possibilité de décentraliser la fonction de redistribution des revenus. Cette question est analysée dans le cadre de la théorie micro-économique de la compétition fiscale. La fonction redistributive est confiée à des collectivités locales appartenant à un même bassin d' emploi au sein duquel le travail est parfaitement mobile. Les gouvernements locaux peuvent alors entrer en compétition pour modifier la répartition du travail à l'aide de leur politique de redistribution. Cette compétition est appelée "concurrence sociale". Il est montré que ce type de concurrence est rarement optimal au sens de Pareto. Ce résultat amène alors à proposer la création d'un "Bureau central de la redistribution" en charge de cette responsabilité au niveau le plus élevé du gouvernement. [eng] Decentralized Redistributive Policies and Social Competition by Yvon Rocaboy . The purpose of the paper is to study the possibility of decentralising the redistributive income function. This question is examined in the light of microeconomic fiscal competition theory. We suppose that the redistributive function is assigned to local authorities belonging to a common labour pool in which labour is perfectly mobile. The local authorities can then compete to alter the distribution of labour using their redistributive policy. Thiscompetition is called "social competition"." We show that this kind of competition is rarely Pareto efficient. This conclusion argues in favour of the creation of a "central bureau of redistribution" responsible for this function at the highest government level.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.1997.5853
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ecop_0249-4744_1997_num_128_2_5853/ecop_0249-4744_1997_num_128_2_5853.pdf?mode=light
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 128 (1997)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 131-143

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1997_num_128_2_5853

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1997.5853
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. David E. Wildasin, 2005. "Fiscal Competition," Working Papers 2005-05, University of Kentucky, Institute for Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations.
  2. Barry Eichengreen, 1991. "Is Europe an Optimum Currency Area?," NBER Working Papers 3579, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. David E. Wildasin, 1994. "Income Redistribution and Migration," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 27(3), pages 637-56, August.
  4. Pauly, Mark V., 1973. "Income redistribution as a local public good," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 35-58, February.
  5. Epple, Dennis & Romer, Thomas, 1991. "Mobility and Redistribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(4), pages 828-58, August.
  6. Lejour, Arjan M & Verbon, Harrie A A, 1994. " Labour Mobility and Decision Making on Social Insurance in an Integrated Market," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 79(1-2), pages 161-85, April.
  7. Boadway, Robin, 1982. "On the Method of Taxation and the Provision of Local Public Goods: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(4), pages 846-51, September.
  8. Wildasin, David E, 1991. "Income Redistribution in a Common Labor Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 757-74, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Thierry Madiès & Sonia Paty & Yvon Rocaboy, 2005. "Externalités fiscales horizontales et verticales. Où en est la théorie du fédéralisme financier ?," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 0(1), pages 17-63.
  2. Lars P. Feld, 2004. "Le fédéralisme financier en Allemagne: Coopération ou concurrence?," Marburg Working Papers on Economics 200416, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  3. Feld, Lars P, 2000. " Tax Competition and Income Redistribution: An Empirical Analysis for Switzerland," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 105(1-2), pages 125-64, October.

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