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Inter-District Inequalities in Social Service Delivery: A Rationalised Approach towards Funds Disbursement

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Author Info

  • Muhammad Usman Sikander

    (Centre for Research in Economics and Business, Lahore School of Economics, Lahore)

  • Syed Ahsan Ahmad Shah

    (Centre for Research in Economics and Business, Lahore School of Economics, Lahore)

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    Abstract

    Social sector development in Pakistan has been the focus of researchers over the past decades but coverage of these services still remains limited. Although considerable resources have been allocated for social service delivery, people at large have suffered from existing inequalities in the delivery of these services. Utilising the MICS 2007-08 data set, we look at the prevailing inequalities in access to education, health, and physical infrastructure across the districts of Punjab. We highlight the weaknesses of public institutions in providing social services and acknowledge the contribution of the private sector in improving access to these services. The paper emphasises the need for an adequate allocation of resources by the provincial government to the districts in order to remove the growing inequalities within districts and between districts. An effective approach for funds disbursement from the provinces to the districts should be based on the current level of access to social services. This paper attempts to establish a rationalised methodology for funds distribution at the district level, so that a larger population has access to basic services. The outcome of declining inequality in social service delivery will help the lot of lagging districts, and may limit inter-district migration to some extent.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its journal The Pakistan Development Review.

    Volume (Year): 49 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 881–899

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    Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:49:y:2010:i:4:p:881-899

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    Related research

    Keywords: Social Sector; Private Sector Participation Inequality; Punjab;

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    References

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    1. Haroon Jamal & Amir Jahan Khan, 2003. "The Changing Profile of Regional Inequality," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 42(2), pages 113-123.
    2. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Andrew F. Newman, 1990. "Occupational Choice and the Process of Development," Discussion Papers 911, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    3. Ali Cheema & Lyyla Khalid & Manasa Patnam, 2008. "The Geography of Poverty: Evidence from the Punjab," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 13(Special E), pages 163-188, September.
    4. Morduch, J., 1995. "Income Smoothing and Consumption Smoothing," Papers 512, Harvard - Institute for International Development.
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