Change in the Flow of Funds and the Fiscal Rules Needed for Fiscal Stabilization
AbstractHere we explain the features of the flow of funds in Japan across time by using the flow-of-funds table. We prove that the volume of the flow of funds has decreased in various sectors compared with the boom period of the 1980s. Especially in recent years, an increased volume of corporate savings, thanks to an increase in the overseas income balance, has been deposited as liquid savings and used to purchase government bonds through financial institutions. On the other hand, the volume of the flow of funds from financial institutions to corporate investments has reduced dramatically recently. We then move on to focus on the differences between the Greek and Japanese government bond markets. Although Japan's government debt ratio to GDP is bigger than that of Greece, the Japanese government bond market has remained stable. We take note of the demand side of government debt, and explain the differences between the Japanese government bond market, which enjoys a big demand from the domestic financial institutions and investors, and the Greek one, which relies heavily upon foreign investors for demand. We also explain the difference in the stabilizing measures of government bond markets between the two countries by using demand-side analysis. We point out that the Domar condition, which has so far led the discussion about the stabilization of government bond markets, was derived only from the supply-side analysis of government bonds, and thus does not always prove to be valid. Instead, we derive the stabilizing conditions for government bond markets from a model which considers government bond demand. We also present some rules for fiscal stabilization and explain the fiscal rules corresponding to Taylor's rule for monetary policy. Finally, we conclude that the issuance of a large volume of debt-covering government bonds should be restrained, and that Japan's funds should be guided to contribute to the accumulation of private capital stock for the recovery of the growth of the Japanese economy, and we conduct model analysis regarding its appropriate levels.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan in its journal Public Policy Review.
Volume (Year): 9 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Government Bond Markets; Fiscal Rules; Fiscal Stabilization;
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- Masaya Sakuragawa & Kaoru Hosono, 2010. "Fiscal Sustainability Of Japan: A Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Approach," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 61(4), pages 517-537, December.
- Henning Bohn, 1998. "The Behavior Of U.S. Public Debt And Deficits," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 113(3), pages 949-963, August.
- PAUL D. McNELIS & NAOYUKI YOSHINO, 2012. "Macroeconomic Volatility Under High Accumulation Of Government Debt: Lessons From Japan," Advances in Complex Systems (ACS), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 15(su), pages 1250057-1-1.
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