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Do Gender Quotas Influence Women’s Representation and Policies?

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  • Li-Ju Chen
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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the effect of applying gender quotas on policy decisions. I first examine the effect of gender quotas on the representation of female legislators, study the correlation between gender quotas and different types of government expenditures, and then use quotas as an instrument for the proportion of female legislators to investigate the effect of female legislators on policy outcomes. The results show that an increase in the share of female legislators by one percentage point increases the ratio of government expenditure on health and social welfare to GDP by 0.18 and 0.67 percentage points, respectively. The robustness check supports that the effect of quotas on female legislators is likely to be translated into the influence of female policymakers on social welfare.

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    File URL: http://eaces.liuc.it/18242979201001/182429792010070102.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Cattaneo University (LIUC) in its journal The European Journal of Comparative Economics.

    Volume (Year): 7 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 (June)
    Pages: 13-60

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    Handle: RePEc:liu:liucej:v:7:y:2010:i:1:p:13-60

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    Related research

    Keywords: female legislator; gender quotas; policy outcomes;

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    Cited by:
    1. Ximena Peña & Juan Camilo Cárdenas & Hugo Ñopo & Jorge Luis Castañeda, 2013. "Mujer y movilidad social," DOCUMENTOS CEDE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE 010498, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    2. Baliamoune-Lutz, Mina, 2013. "The effectiveness of foreign aid to women.s equality organizations in the MENA: Does aid promote women.s political participation?," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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