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The Working Families’ Tax Credit and Some European Tax Reforms in A Collective Setting

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Author Info

  • Michal Myck

    ()

  • Olivier Bargain
  • Miriam Beblo
  • Denis Beninger
  • Richard Blundell
  • Raquel Carrasco
  • Maria-Concetta Chiuri
  • François Laisney
  • Valérie Lechene
  • Ernesto Longobardi
  • Nicolas Moreau
  • Javier Ruiz-Castillo
  • Frederic Vermeulen

Abstract

A framework for simplified implementation of the collective model of labor supply decisions is presented in the context of fiscal reforms in the UK. Through its collective form the model accounts for the well known problem of distribution between wallet and purse, a broadly debated issue which has so far been impossible to model due to the limitations of the unitary model of household behavior. A calibrated data set is used to model the effects of introducing two forms of the Working Families’ Tax Credit. We also summarize results of estimations and calibrations obtained using the same methodology on data from five other European countries. The results underline the importance of taking account of the intrahousehold decision process and suggest that who receives government transfers does matter from the point of view of labor supply and welfare of household members. They also highlight the need for more research into models of household behavior. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11150-006-0003-6
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Review of Economics of the Household.

Volume (Year): 4 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (06)
Pages: 129-158

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Handle: RePEc:kap:reveho:v:4:y:2006:i:2:p:129-158

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=109451

Related research

Keywords: Collective models; Fiscal reforms; Household labor supply; Intrahousehold allocation; D11; D12;

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References

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  1. Mike Brewer & Tom Clark & Matthew Wakefield, 2002. "Five years of social security reforms in the UK," IFS Working Papers W02/12, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  2. Vermeulen, F.M.P. & Bargain, O. & Beblo, M. & Beninger, D. & Blundell, R. & Carrasco, R. & Chiuri, M-C. & Laisney, F. & Lechene, V. & Moreau, N. & Myck, M. & Ruiz-castillo, J., 2006. "Collective models of labor supply with nonconvex budget sets and nonparticipation: A calibration approach," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-194160, Tilburg University.
  3. François BOURGUIGNON & Martin BROWNING & Pierre-André CHIAPPORI & Valérie LECHENE, 1993. "Intra Household Allocation of Consumption: A Model and some Evidence from French Data," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 29, pages 137-156.
  4. Pierre-André Chiappori & Richard Blundell & Costas Meghir, 2002. "Collective labour supply with children," IFS Working Papers W02/08, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  5. Chiappori, P.A., 1989. "Collective Labour Supply and Welfare," DELTA Working Papers 89-07, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  6. Richard Blundell & Alan Duncan & Julian McCrae & Costas Meghir, 2000. "The labour market impact of the working families’ tax credit," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 75-103, March.
  7. Shelly Lundberg & Robert A. Pollak, 1996. "Bargaining and Distribution in Marriage," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 10(4), pages 139-158, Fall.
  8. Blundell, Richard & Walker, Ian, 1986. "A Life-Cycle Consistent Empirical Model of Family Labour Supply Using Cross-Section Data," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(4), pages 539-58, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Michal Myck & Howard Reed, 2006. "Tax and Benefit Reforms in a Model of Labour Market Transitions," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 625, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  2. Haan, Peter & Myck, Michal, 2008. "Multi-Family Households in a Labour Supply Model: A Calibration Method with Application to Poland," IZA Discussion Papers 3611, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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