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Benefits of a Reallocation of Nitrate Emission Reductions in the Rhine River Basin


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  • Rob van der Veeren


  • Richard Tol


In an attempt to improve ecological conditions of theRhine, emission reduction targets have been set fordifferent substances. For most substances targets havebeen met. However, nutrient emission reductions arebehind schedule. It may be clear from intuition, andhas also often been described in economic literature,that a flat reduction rate applied to all emittingsectors, though appealing because of equity reasons,may not be cost-effective. This paper explores theleast cost allocation of nitrate emission reductionsfor the Rhine river basin, analysing differentagricultural sectors and wastewater treatment plants.Results show that costs of meeting emission reductiontargets can be brought down by almost 20% through aclever allocation of these targets. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists in its journal Environmental and Resource Economics.

Volume (Year): 18 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 19-41

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Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:18:y:2001:i:1:p:19-41

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Keywords: cost-effectiveness; nutrients; Rhine; river basin policies; water quality;


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  1. Ing-Marie Gren & Paul Jannke & Katarina Elofsson, 1997. "Cost-Effective Nutrient Reductions to the Baltic Sea," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 10(4), pages 341-362, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Elofsson, Katarina & Folmer, Henk & Gren, Ing-Marie, 2003. "Management of eutrophicated coastal ecosystems: a synopsis of the literature with emphasis on theory and methodology," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-11, November.
  2. Petra Kuhr & Josef Haider & Peter Kreins & Ralf Kunkel & Björn Tetzlaff & Harry Vereecken & Frank Wendland, 2013. "Model Based Assessment of Nitrate Pollution of Water Resources on a Federal State Level for the Dimensioning of Agro-environmental Reduction Strategies," Water Resources Management, Springer, vol. 27(3), pages 885-909, February.
  3. Kreins, Peter & Heidecke, Claudia & Goemann, Horst & Hirt, Ulrike & Wendland, Frank, 2010. "Möglichkeiten Und Grenzen Der Politikanalyse Zur Umsetzung Der Wasserrahmenrichtlinie -- Anwendung Eines Hydro-Ökonomischen Modellverbundes Für Das Weser Einzugsgebiet," 50st Annual Conference, Braunschweig, Germany, September 29-October 1, 2010 93938, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
  4. Elofsson, Katarina, 2003. "Cost-effective reductions of stochastic agricultural loads to the Baltic Sea," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 13-31, November.
  5. Fröschl, Lena & Pierrard, Roger & Schönbäck, Wilfried, 2008. "Cost-efficient choice of measures in agriculture to reduce the nitrogen load flowing from the Danube River into the Black Sea: An analysis for Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1-2), pages 96-105, December.
  6. Liu Li & Li Bin, 2010. "Environmental Cost Analysis of the Relocation of Pollution-intensive Industries Case Study: Transfer of Ceramics Industry from Foshan to Qingyuan, Guangdong Province," EEPSEA Research Report rr2010081, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), revised Aug 2010.
  7. I. Heinz & M. Pulido-Velazquez & J. Lund & J. Andreu, 2007. "Hydro-economic Modeling in River Basin Management: Implications and Applications for the European Water Framework Directive," Water Resources Management, Springer, vol. 21(7), pages 1103-1125, July.


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