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Migration and multi-dimensional poverty in Moldovan communities

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  • Melissa SIEGEL

    ()
    (Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, Maastricht University, Netherlands)

  • Jennifer WAIDLER

    (Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, Maastricht University, Netherlands)

Abstract

This paper aims to understand the links between migration and poverty at the community level. Most of the research to date on the links between migration and poverty has been conducted at the micro level, while research related to migration and development more broadly usually focuses on the specific micro or the broader macro level. This paper adds to the existing literature by focusing specifically on the community level using data collected in the second half of 2011 in 180 Moldova communities. This paper examines four dimensions of poverty at the community level, namely: 1) infrastructure, 2) education, 3) livelihood and 4) health. We look at different rates of poverty by migration/remittance prevalence and country destination. We find that communities with higher rates of migration are significantly associated with a higher level of deprivation in infrastructure and the multi-dimensional index, while we find no significant results for remittances sent to the community. Community size and average income as well as region and proximity to the capital all show significant results of the different dimensions of well-being.

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File URL: http://ejes.uaic.ro/articles/EJES2012_0302_SIE.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University in its journal Eastern Journal of European Studies.

Volume (Year): 3(2) (2012)
Issue (Month): (December)
Pages: 105-119

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Handle: RePEc:jes:journl:y:2012:v:3:p:105-119

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Keywords: migration; remittances; development; poverty; Moldova; community development; deprivation;

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  1. John Gibson & David McKenzie, 2010. "The Development Impact of a Best Practice Seasonal Worker Policy," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1029, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  2. Alkire, Sabina & Foster, James, 2011. "Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7), pages 476-487.
  3. J. Edward Taylor & George Dyer, 2009. "Migration and the Sending Economy: A Disaggregated Rural Economy-Wide Analysis," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(6), pages 966-989.
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